Now showing items 95-114 of 135

    • Thumbnail

      The adoption of ecosystem-based adaptation in the international climate agenda 

      Ojea, Elena (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2014-05-02)
      There is a growing recognition of the role that healthy ecosystems play in helping people to adapt to climate change through the delivery of ecosystem services. • Ecosystem-based Adaptation promotes the sustainable use of ...
    • Thumbnail

      The basque ecological debt: global socioecological impacts of a small open economy 

      Garmendia, Eneko; Arto, Iñaki (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2013-08-08)
      Globalisation of the world economy has increased the material and en-ergy flows around the planet raising the pressure over the environment. In this context, it becomes critical to better understand the links between current ...
    • Thumbnail

      The Cancun Climate Summit: a Moderate Success 

      Galarraga, Ibon; Markandya, Anil; González-Eguino, Mikel (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2011-01-14)
      The Cancun Summit started with the conviction that a binding agreement would not be possible and with significantly lower expectations than the previous summit in Copenhagen. If the outcome of the summit had to be defined, ...
    • Thumbnail

      The Costs of Drought: the Exceptional 2007-2008 Case of Barcelona 

      Martin-Ortega, Julia; Markandya, Anil (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2009-11-18)
      The drought affecting Catalonia between 2007 and 2008 was the most severe of the last century and serves as a case study for the assessment of the economic costs of such an event. The main focus is the drought affecting ...
    • Thumbnail

      The Costs of Ecosystem Adaptation: Methodology and Estimates for Indian Forests 

      Ojea, Elena; Ghosh, Ranjan; Agrawal, Bharat; Joshi, P.K. (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2009-11-18)
      This paper presents a detailed methodology for estimating the cost of adaptation to climate change impacts on ecosystems. Up to date estimates are built-up following national investments in measures such as protected areas, ...
    • Thumbnail

      The Demand for Environmental Quality in Driving Transitions to Low Polluting Energy Sources 

      Fouquet, Roger (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2011-11-15)
      The purpose of this paper is to understand the long run demand for energy-related environmental quality, its influence on legislation and on transitions to low polluting energy sources. It starts by presenting a simple ...
    • Thumbnail

      The Determinants of Energy Efficiency Investments in the U.S. 

      Abadie, Luis María; Arigoni Ortiz, Ramon; Galarraga, Ibon (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2010-11-08)
      This paper analyses decisions on energy efficiency (EE) investments by small and medium manufacturing enterprises in the U.S. which have received assessment from the Department of Energy (DoE). The results confirm the ...
    • Thumbnail

      The DICER Model: Methodological Issues and Initial Results 

      Ortiz, Ramon Arigoni; Golub, Alexander; Lugovoy, Oleg; Markandya, Anil; Wang, James (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2010-09-14)
      This paper introduces DICER, a model for the integrated assessment of climate – economy interactions within an optimal growth framework developed based on the structure of the DICE2007 model. We present the methodological ...
    • Thumbnail

      The Economic Impacts of Biodiversity Policy for Improving the Climate Regulating Services Provided by EU Natura 2000 Habitats 

      Ding, Helen; Markandya, Anil; Nunes, Paulo A. L. D. (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2012-10)
      We adopted the state-of-the-art methodologies to quantify the total carbon stocked by Natura 2000 habitats as well as to project the future changes of carbon stocks influenced by alternative policy options for the management ...
    • Thumbnail

      The economics of hydro-meteorological disasters: approaching the estimation of the total costs 

      Balbi, Stefano; Giupponi, Carlo; Mojtahed, Vahid; Olschewski, Roland (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2013-08-28)
      Hydro-meteorological disasters have caused increasing losses in recent years. Efficient risk reduction policies require accurate assessment approaches, with careful consideration of costs, beyond direct tangible costs, ...
    • Thumbnail

      The Equivalency Principle for Discounting the Value of Natural Assets: An Application to an Investment Project in the Basque Coast 

      Chiabai, Aline; Galarraga, Ibon; Markandya, Anil; Pascual, Unai (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2011-10-10)
      Making decisions about optimal investments in green infrastructure necessitates setting social discount rates. This paper suggests a practical way for determining the discount rate for projects or programmes in which one ...
    • Thumbnail

      The Green Paradox and Learning-by-doing in the Renewable Energy Sector 

      Nachtigall, Daniel; Rübbelke, Dirk (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2013-04-04)
      We investigate the effect of climate policies on fossil fuel use in the presence of a clean alternative technology that exhibits learning-by-doing. In a two-period framework, the costs of clean and regenerative energy in ...
    • Thumbnail

      The Health Effects of Climate Change: A Survey of Recent Quantitative Research 

      Grasso, Margherita; Manera, Matteo; Chiabai, Aline; Markandya, Anil (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2010-10-25)
      In recent years there has been considerable scientific and public debate on climate change and its direct and indirect effects on human health. According to the World Health Organization (WHO, 2006), some 2.5 million people ...
    • Thumbnail

      The Health Impacts of Climate Change: A Study of Cholera in Tanzania 

      Traerup, Sara L. M.; Arigoni Ortiz, Ramon; Markandya, Anil (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2010-01-08)
      Increased temperatures and changes in patterns of rainfall as a result of climate change are widely recognized to entail serious consequences for human health, including the risk of diarrheal diseases. Indeed, there is ...
    • Thumbnail

      The long road of climate negotiations: From Kyoto to Paris stopping over in Doha 

      Markandya, Anil; Unai Pascual (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2013-02-05)
      Expectations about the COP18 Doha round of climate negotiations were low and countries were successful in making some progress, but only incrementally. A second commitment period (from 1 January 2013 to 31 December 2020) ...
    • Thumbnail

      The Long Run Demand for Lighting: Elasticities and Rebound Effects in Different Phases of Economic Development 

      Fouquet, Roger; Pearson, Peter J. G. (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2011-07-26)
      The provision of artificial light was revolutionised by a series of discontinuous innovations in lighting appliances, fuels, infrastructures and institutions during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. In Britain, the ...
    • Thumbnail

      The Paris Summit: the beginning of the end of the carbon economy 

      Román, María Victoria; Galarraga, Ibon (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2016-02)
      The Paris Agreement is the basis for increased, transparent and coordinated action of all countries. -The key of the success was the extraordinary transparency and confidence throughout the process. - While the Kyoto ...
    • Thumbnail

      The past, present and future of the sea level in the Basque Country 

      Sainz de Murieta, Elisa (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2016-05)
      The sea level has significantly changed throughout the Earth's history. -120,000 years ago, during the earlier interglacial period, the sea level was 4.5 m higher than the current mean level in Bilbao. -The sea level rose ...
    • Thumbnail

      The Private Provision of International Impure Public Goods: the Case of Climate Policy 

      Altemeyer-Bartscher, Martin; Markandya, Anil; Rübbelke, Dirk (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2011-09-09)
      We discuss a tax-transfer scheme that aims at addressing the under-provision problem associated with the private supply of international public goods and at bringing about Pareto optimal allocations internationally. In ...
    • Thumbnail

      The Role of Regions in Climate Change Policy 

      Galarraga, Ibon; González-Eguino, Mikel; Markandya, Anil (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2009-10-13)
      Climate change is one of the greatest challenges facing human kind. Urgent policy action is needed. Climate change policies are mainly being discussed at international level by means of the United Nations Conventions and ...