• Thumbnail

      What happened during the climate change negotiations in Copenhagen 2009? 

      Galarraga, Ibon; Markandya, Anil; González-Eguino, Mikel (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2009-06-05)
      This policy briefing summarizes the results of the last United Nations Climate Change summit (COP 15) held in Copenhagen (Denmark) between 7-18 December. The postures taken by the main countries during the summit, the main ...
    • Thumbnail

      Which policy option can be more cost-effective in promoting the use of energy efficient appliances in Europe? A comparison of energy taxes, subsidies, tax credits and bans. 

      Markandya, Anil; Arigoni Ortiz, Ramon (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2009-07-05)
      BC3 Basque Centre for climate change – Klima aldaketa ikergai. The BC3 is a Research Centre based in the Basque Country, which aims at contributing to long term research on the causes and consequences of Climate Change.
    • Thumbnail

      Competitividad y fuga de carbono: el caso de la economía vasca 

      González-Eguino, Mikel (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2010-07-07)
      El cambio climático y la elevada dependencia de las energías fósiles hacen necesario avanzar hacia una economía baja en carbono. Un futuro sin “carbono” supone una revolución energética y económica sin precedentes que ...
    • Thumbnail

      Carbon leakage and the future of Old Industrial Regions 

      González-Eguino, Mikel; Ansuategi, Alberto; Galarraga, Ibon (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2010-08-07)
      CO2 prices will continue to differ from one country to another even if a global post-Kyoto agreement is achieved. This may decrease the competitiveness of some industries. One of most exposed industries in Europe is iron ...
    • Thumbnail

      Effects of Climate Change on the European Nuclear Power Sector 

      Vögele, Stefan; Rübbelke, Dirk (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2010-09-23)
      Anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases cause climate change and this change in turn induces various direct impacts, e.g., changes in regional weather patterns. The frequency of heat waves and droughts in Europe is ...
    • Thumbnail

      Evaluating the role of energy efficiency labels: the case of Dish Washers 

      Galarraga, Ibon; Markandya, Anil; González-Eguino, Mikel (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2010-09-23)
      This article uses the hedonic approach to estimate how much is paid for energy efficiency in the dishwasher market in Spain. The estimations suggest that 15.6% of the final price is paid for the characteristic represented ...
    • Thumbnail

      Competing Ecosystem services: an Assessment of Carbon and timber in the Tropical forests of Central America 

      Khatun, Kaysara (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2011-01-12)
      The study provides a quantitative appraisal of the carbon and timber stocks and flows of tropical (primary) forests by evaluating them simultaneously using data (physical and economical) from a number of sources. The ...
    • Thumbnail

      Economic Valuation of Ecosystem Services: Conflicts in Classification 

      Ojea, Elena; Chiabai, Aline; Martin-Ortega, Julia (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2011-01-14)
      Since the release of the Millennium Ecosystem Approach (MA), studies valuing ecosystem services have grown in the literature. As a consequence, different interpretations exist on the classification of services, and several ...
    • Thumbnail

      The Cancun Climate Summit: a Moderate Success 

      Galarraga, Ibon; Markandya, Anil; González-Eguino, Mikel (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2011-01-14)
      The Cancun Summit started with the conviction that a binding agreement would not be possible and with significantly lower expectations than the previous summit in Copenhagen. If the outcome of the summit had to be defined, ...
    • Thumbnail

      Lessons from History for Transitions to a Low Carbon Economy 

      Fouquet, Roger (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2011-01-25)
      Historical experiences can provide lessons for future transitions to a low carbon economy. Although often considered a single event, the transition from traditional energy sources to fossil fuels in the United Kingdom ...
    • Thumbnail

      Evaluating the role of energy efficiency labels in the prices of household appliances: the case of refrigerators 

      Galarraga, Ibon; González-Eguino, Mikel; Heres, David (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2011-04-28)
      This article uses an statisticalmethod to estimate the price premium paid for the highest energy-efficiency label (A+) in the refrigerators market of the Basque Autonomous Community (Spain). The estimated figure is 8.9% ...
    • Thumbnail

      Cost effectiveness of a combination of instruments for global warming: a quantitative approach for Spain 

      Gallastegui Zulaika, María Carmen; González-Eguino, Mikel; Galarraga, Ibon (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2011-04-28)
      There is a considerable body of research about the use and design of market instruments for mitigating greenhouse gas emissions. However, discussion of the combination of instruments and their possible interactions is in ...
    • Thumbnail

      Long Run Trends in the Price of Energy and Energy Services 

      Fouquet, Roger (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2011-11-10)
      Energy prices have risen considerably since the beginning of the twenty-first century. It is valuable to place these price rises within a historical context. Many peaks preceded the price hike of 2008, and there will, no ...
    • Thumbnail

      Low Climate Stabilisation under Diverse Growth and Convergence Scenarios 

      Markandya, Anil; González-Eguino, Mikel; Criqui, Patrick; Mima, Silvana (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2012-08-01)
      In the last decade, a few papers have analysed the consequences of achieving the greenhouse gas concentration levels necessary to maintain global temperature increases below 2 degrees Celsius above preindustrial levels. ...
    • Thumbnail

      The Role of the Demand for Environmental Quality in Driving Transitions to Low-Polluting Energy Sources 

      Fouquet, Roger (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2012-08-14)
      This policy briefing reports on research into historical examples where the public demanded environmental improvements, government may have responded to this demand and legislation introduced may helped lead to transitions ...
    • Thumbnail

      Environmental fiscal reform and unemployment in Spain in the presence of an informal sector 

      Markandya, Anil; Escapa García, Marta; González-Eguino, Mikel (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2012-10-26)
      This policy briefing reports the results obtained in two recent papers (Markandya et al 2012 and Gonzalez-Eguino et al 2012) where the role of Enviromental Fiscal Reform (EFR) is revisited for the case of Spain. We analyse ...
    • Thumbnail

      The long road of climate negotiations: From Kyoto to Paris stopping over in Doha 

      Markandya, Anil; Unai Pascual (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2013-02-05)
      Expectations about the COP18 Doha round of climate negotiations were low and countries were successful in making some progress, but only incrementally. A second commitment period (from 1 January 2013 to 31 December 2020) ...
    • Thumbnail

      Flood risk management: What are the main drivers of prevention? 

      Foudi, Sébastien (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2013-04-16)
      In a changing and unstable climate, climatic flood risk will increase: more intense and more extreme events would be more frequent. Higher climatic risk will turn into higher socio-economic risk, unless we implement ...
    • Thumbnail

      Evaluation of two alternative carbon capture and storage technologies 

      Abadie, Luis María; Lucas, Josu; Galarraga, Ibon (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2013-05-16)
      * Carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS) is one of the technologies for fighting climate change in the future. The use of CO2 for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) paired with storage in deep saline formations (DSF) could ...
    • Thumbnail

      The basque ecological debt: global socioecological impacts of a small open economy 

      Garmendia, Eneko; Arto, Iñaki (Basque Centre for Climate Change/Klima Aldaketa Ikergai, 2013-08-08)
      Globalisation of the world economy has increased the material and en-ergy flows around the planet raising the pressure over the environment. In this context, it becomes critical to better understand the links between current ...