Now showing items 96-115 of 269

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      Fast and sequence-adaptive whole-brain segmentation using parametric Bayesian modeling 

      Puonti, Oula; Iglesias, Juan Eugenio; Van Leemput, Koen (NeuroImage, 2016)
      Quantitative analysis of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of the brain requires accurate automated segmentation of anatomical structures. A desirable feature for such segmentation methods is to be robust against ...
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      Feature-Based Attention Samples Stimuli Rhythmically 

      Re, Daniele; Inbar, Maya; Richter, Craig G.; Landau, Ayelet N. (Current Biology, 2019)
      Attention supports the allocation of resources to relevant locations and objects in a scene. Under most conditions, several stimuli compete for neural representation. Attention biases neural representation toward the ...
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      Flexible and adaptive processes in speech perception 

      Guediche, Sara (The Speech Processing Lexicon, 2017)
      The perception of speech can be flexible, influenced by multiple sources of information, and plastic, tuned over time to cumulative experience. This chapter provides examples of cognitive neuroscience research, presented ...
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      Foreign-accented speech modulates linguistic anticipatory processes 

      Romero-Rivas, Carlos; Martin, Clara D.; Costa, Albert (Neuropsychologia, 2016)
      Listeners are able to anticipate upcoming words during sentence comprehension, and, as a result, they also pre-activate semantically related words. In the present study, we aim at exploring whether these anticipatory ...
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      Functional Dynamics of Dorsal and Ventral Reading Networks in Bilinguals 

      Oliver, Myriam; Carreiras, Manuel; Paz-Alonso, Pedro M. (Cerebral Cortex, 2017)
      In today’s world, bilingualism is increasingly common. However, it is still unclear how left-lateralized dorsal and ventral reading networks are tuned to reading in proficient second-language learners. Here, we investigated ...
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      Generalization From Newly Learned Words Reveals Structural Properties of the Human Reading System 

      Armstrong, Blair C.; Dumay, Nicolas; Kim, Woojae; Pitt, Mark A. (Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2017)
      Connectionist accounts of quasiregular domains, such as spelling–sound correspondences in English, represent exception words (e.g., pint) amid regular words (e.g., mint) via a graded “warping” mechanism. Warping allows ...
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      Genetic association study of dyslexia and ADHD candidate genes in a Spanish cohort: Implications of comorbid samples 

      Sánchez-Morán, Mirian; Hernández, Juan Andrés; Duñabeitia, Jon Andoni; Estévez, Adelina; Bárcena, Laura; González-Lahera, Aintzane; Bajo, Maria Teresa; Fuentes, Luis J.; Aransay Bañares, Ana María; Carreiras, Manuel (PLOS ONE, 2018)
      Dyslexia and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are two complex neuro-behaviorally disorders that co-occur more often than expected, so that reading disability has been linked to inattention symptoms. We ...
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      “Hazy” or “jumbled”? Putting together the pieces of the bilingual puzzle 

      García-Pentón, Lorna; Fernández García, Yuriem; Costello, Brendan; Duñabeitia, Jon Andoni; Carreiras, Manuel (Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 2016)
      Six commentaries [Bialystok, E. (2015). How hazy views become full pictures. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience. doi:10.1080/23273798.2015.1074255; de Bruin, A., & Della Sala, S. (2015) The importance of language use ...
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      Heritability and reliability of automatically segmented human hippocampal formation subregions 

      Whelan, Christopher D.; Hibar, Derrek P.; van Velzen, Laura S.; Zannas, Anthony S.; Carrillo-Roa, Tania; McMahon, Katie; Prasad, Gautam; Kelly, Sinéad; Faskowitz, Joshua; deZubiracay, Greig; Iglesias, Juan E.; van Erp, Theo G.M.; Frodl, Thomas; Martin, Nicholas G.; Wright, Margaret J.; Jahanshad, Neda; Schmaal, Lianne; Sämann, Philipp G.; Thompson, Paul M.; for the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (NeuroImage, 2016)
      The human hippocampal formation can be divided into a set of cytoarchitecturally and functionally distinct subregions, involved in different aspects of memory formation. Neuroanatomical disruptions within these subregions ...
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      Hierarchical levels of representation in language prediction: The influence of first language acquisition in highly proficient bilinguals 

      Molinaro, Nicola; Giannelli, Francesco; Caffarra, Sendy; Martin, Clara D. (Cognition, 2017)
      Language comprehension is largely supported by predictive mechanisms that account for the ease and speed with which communication unfolds. Both native and proficient non-native speakers can efficiently handle contextual ...
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      High-resolution magnetic resonance imaging reveals nuclei of the human amygdala: manual segmentation to automatic atlas 

      Saygin, Z.M.; Kliemann, D.; Iglesias, J.E.; van der Kouwe, A.J.W.; Boyd, E.; Reuter, M.; Stevens, A.; Van Leemput, K.; McKee, A.; Frosch, M.P.; Fischl, B.; Augustinack, J.C.; for the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (NeuroImage, 2017)
      The amygdala is composed of multiple nuclei with unique functions and connections in the limbic system and to the rest of the brain. However, standard in vivo neuroimaging tools to automatically delineate the amygdala into ...
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      Holiday or vacation? The processing of variation in vocabulary across dialects 

      Martin, Clara D.; Garcia, Xavier; Potter, Douglas; Melinger, Alissa; Costa, Albert (Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 2016)
      Native speakers with different linguistic backgrounds differ in their usage of language, and particularly in their vocabulary. For instance, British natives would use the word "holiday" when American natives would prefer ...
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      How ageing changes the mnemonic bias of visual behaviour 

      Wedmore, Florence; Musil, Sofía; Soto, David (Visual Cognition, 2017)
      Ageing is associated with deficits in cognitive control, including attention and working memory processes. However, how ageing influences the interactions between these cognitive systems is not well understood. The present ...
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      How and When Does the Second Language Influence the Production of Native Speech Sounds: A Literature Review 

      Kartushina, Natalia; Frauenfelder, Ulrich H.; Golestani, Narly (Language Learning, 2016)
      In bilinguals and second language learners, the native (L1) and nonnative (L2) languages coexist and interact. The L1 influences L2 production via forward transfer, as is seen with foreign accents. However, language ...
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      How Do We Keep Information ‘Online’? 

      Soto, David (Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 2017)
      New magnetoencephalography (MEG) results indicate that a putative marker of conscious processes – namely, the global broadcasting of information across large-scale cortical networks – can also operate during the maintenance ...
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      How much do visual cues help listeners in perceiving accented speech? 

      Zheng, Yi; Samuel, Arthur G. (Applied Psycholinguistics, 2019)
      It has been documented that lipreading facilitates the understanding of difficult speech, such as noisy speech and time-compressed speech. However, relatively little work has addressed the role of visual information in ...
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      How the human brain introspects about one's own episodes of cognitive control 

      Soto, David; Theodoraki, Mona; Paz-Alonso, Pedro M. (cortex, 2018)
      Metacognition refers to our capacity to reflect upon our experiences, thoughts and actions. Metacognition processes are linked to cognitive control functions that allow keeping our actions on-task. But it is unclear how ...
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      Imageability ratings across languages 

      Rofes, Adrià; Zakariás, Lilla; Ceder, Klaudia; Lind, Marianne; Johansson, Monica Blom; Bjekié, Jovana; Fyndanis, Valantis; Gavarró, Anna; Simonsen, Hanne Gram; Hernández Sacristán, Carlos; Kambanaros, Maria; Kuvač Kraljević, Jelena; Martínez-Ferreiro, Silvia; Mavis, İlknur; Méndez Orellana, Carolina; Sör, Ingrid; Lukács, Ágnes; Tunçer, Müge; Vuksanović, Jasmina; Munarriz Ibarrola, Amaia; Pourquie, Marie; Varlokosta, Spyridoula; Howard, David (Behavior Research Methods, 2018)
      Imageability is a psycholinguistic variable that indicates how well a word gives rise to a mental image or sensory experience. Imageability ratings are used extensively in psycholinguistic, neuropsychological, and ...
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      Implementing EEG hyperscanning setups 

      Barraza, Paulo; Dumas, Guillaume; Liu, Huanhuan; Blanco-Gomez, Gabriel; van den Heuvel, Marion I.; Baart, Martijn; Pérez, Alejandro (MethodsX, 2019)
      Hyperscanning refers to obtaining simultaneous neural recordings from more than one person (Montage et al., 2002 [1]), that can be used to study interactive situations. In particular, hyperscanning with Electroencephalography ...
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      Improved memory for information learnt before alcohol use in social drinkers tested in a naturalistic setting 

      Carlyle, Molly; Dumay, Nicolas; Roberts, Karen; McAndrew, Amy; Tobias, Stevens; Lawn, Will; Morgan, Celia J. A. (Scientific Reports, 2017)
      Alcohol is known to facilitate memory if given after learning information in the laboratory; we aimed to investigate whether this effect can be found when alcohol is consumed in a naturalistic setting. Eighty-eight social ...