Now showing items 1-6 of 6
Neurotransmitter signaling in the pathophysiology of microglia
(Frontiers Research Foundation, 2013)
Microglial cells are the resident immune cells of the central nervous system. In the resting state, microglia are highly dynamic and control the environment by rapidly extending and retracting motile processes. Microglia ...
Differential Neuroprotective Effects of 5 '-Deoxy-5 '-Methylthioadenosine
(Public Library Science, 2014-03-05)
Background: 5'-deoxy-5'-methylthioadenosine (MTA) is an endogenous compound produced through the metabolism of polyamines. The therapeutic potential of MTA has been assayed mainly in liver diseases and, more recently, in ...
Inflammation in stroke: the role of cholinergic, purinergic and glutamatergic signaling
The inflammatory response is a major factor in stroke pathophysiology and contributes to secondary neuronal damage in both acute and chronic stages of the ischemic injury. Recent work in experimental cerebral ischemia has ...
Functional and Metabolic Characterization of Microglia Culture in a Defined Medium
(Frontiers Media, 2020-02-07)
Microglia are the endogenous immune cells of the brain and act as sensor of infection and pathologic injury to the brain, leading to a rapid plastic process of activation that culminates in the endocytosis and phagocytosis ...
Increased expression of cystine/glutamate antiporter in multiple sclerosis
(BioMed Central, 2011-06-03)
Background: Glutamate excitotoxicity contributes to oligodendrocyte and tissue damage in multiple sclerosis (MS). Intriguingly, glutamate level in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid of MS patients is elevated, a feature which ...
Contribution of P2X4 Receptors to CNS Function and Pathophysiology
The release and extracellular action of ATP are a widespread mechanism for cell-to-cell communication in living organisms through activation of P2X and P2Y receptors expressed at the cell surface of most tissues, including ...