Dexamethasone Protects Retinal Ganglion Cells But Not Muller Glia Against Hyperglycemia In Vitro
Pereiro Díez, Xandra
Ruzafa Andrés, Noelia
Acera Osa, Arantxa
Fonollosa Calduch, Alejandro
Rodríguez, Francisco David
Vecino Cordero, Elena
MetadataShow full item record
Plos One 13(11) : (2018) // Article ID e0207913
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a common complication of diabetes, for which hyperglycemia is a major etiological factor. It is known that retinal glia (Muller cells) and retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) are affected by diabetes, and there is evidence that DR is associated with neural degeneration. Dexamethasone is a glucocorticoid used to treat many inflammatory and autoimmune conditions, including several eye diseases like DR. Thus, our goal was to study the effect of dexamethasone on the survival of RGCs and Muller glial cells isolated from rat retinas and maintained in vitro under hyperglycemic conditions. The behavior of primary RGC cell cultures, and of mixed RGC and Muller cell co-cultures, was studied in hyperglycemic conditions (30 mM glucose), both in the presence and absence of Dexamethasone (1 mu M). RGC and Muller cell survival was evaluated, and the conditioned media of these cultures was collected to quantify the inflammatory cytokines secreted by these cells using a multiplex assay. The role of IL-1 beta, IL-6 and TNF alpha in RGC death was also evaluated by adding these cytokines to the co-cultures. RGC survival decreased significantly when these cells were grown in high glucose conditions, reaching 54% survival when they were grown alone and only 33% when co-cultured with Muller glia. The analysis of the cytokines in the conditioned media revealed an increase in IL-1 beta, IL-6 and TNF alpha under hyperglycemic conditions, which reverted to the basal concentration in co-cultures maintained in the presence of dexamethasone. Finally, when these cytokines were added to co-cultures they appeared to have a direct effect on RGC survival. Hence, these cytokines could be implicated in the death of RGCs when glucose concentrations increase and dexamethasone might protect RGCs from the cell death induced in these conditions.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) You are free to: copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format . Remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially. The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms.