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dc.contributor.authorWissing, Christoph
dc.contributor.authorRougier, Helene
dc.contributor.authorBaumann, Chris
dc.contributor.authorComeyne, Alexander
dc.contributor.authorCrevecoeur, Isabelle
dc.contributor.authorDrucker, Dorothee G.
dc.contributor.authorGaudzinski Windheuser, Sabine
dc.contributor.authorGermonpre, Mietje
dc.contributor.authorGómez Olivencia, Asier
dc.contributor.authorKrause, Johannes
dc.contributor.authorMatthies, Tim
dc.contributor.authorNaito, Yuichi I.
dc.contributor.authorPosth, Cosimo
dc.contributor.authorSemal, Patrick
dc.contributor.authorStreet, Martin
dc.contributor.authorBocherens, Herve
dc.date.accessioned2019-05-09T08:15:19Z
dc.date.available2019-05-09T08:15:19Z
dc.date.issued2019-03-14
dc.identifier.citationScientific Reports 9 : (2019) // Article ID 4433es_ES
dc.identifier.issn2045-2322
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10810/32712
dc.description.abstractCorrelating cultural, technological and ecological aspects of both Upper Pleistocene modern humans (UPMHs) and Neandertals provides a useful approach for achieving robust predictions about what makes us human. Here we present ecological information for a period of special relevance in human evolution, the time of replacement of Neandertals by modern humans during the Late Pleistocene in Europe. Using the stable isotopic approach, we shed light on aspects of diet and mobility of the late Neandertals and UPMHs from the cave sites of the Troisieme caverne of Goyet and Spy in Belgium. We demonstrate that their diet was essentially similar, relying on the same terrestrial herbivores, whereas mobility strategies indicate considerable differences between Neandertal groups, as well as in comparison to UPMHs. Our results indicate that UPMHs exploited their environment to a greater extent than Neandertals and support the hypothesis that UPMHs had a substantial impact not only on the population dynamics of large mammals but also on the whole structure of the ecosystem since their initial arrival in Europe.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipParts of our research were funded by the Wenner-Gren Foundation (Gr. 7837 to HR), the College of Social and Behavioral Sciences of CSUN, the CSUN Probationary Faculty Support Program, the CSUN Competition for Research, Scholarship and Creative Activity Awards, and the RBINS. We acknowledge support by Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and Open Access Publishing Fund of University of Tubingen. The laboratory work was conducted with the assistance of Alex Bertacchi, Dobereiner Chaala Aldana, Sophie Habinger and Sara Rhodes (University of Tubingen). We are very thankful to Peter Tung for proofreading the manuscript and improving the language. We are also grateful to the two anonymous reviewers of the journal, whose comments significantly improved the manuscript.es_ES
dc.language.isoenges_ES
dc.publisherNature Publishing Groupes_ES
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccesses_ES
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/*
dc.subjectindividual amino-acidses_ES
dc.subjectbone-collagenes_ES
dc.subjecttracking C-13es_ES
dc.subjectnitrogen isotopeses_ES
dc.subjectskeletal remainses_ES
dc.subjectecological nichees_ES
dc.subjectpaleolithic sitees_ES
dc.subjectwoolly mammothes_ES
dc.subjectach valleyes_ES
dc.subjectsubsistencees_ES
dc.titleStable Isotopes Reveal Patterns of Diet And Mobility in the Last Neandertals and First Modern Humans in Europees_ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_ES
dc.rights.holderOpen Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.es_ES
dc.rights.holderAtribución 3.0 España*
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-41033-3es_ES
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/s41598-019-41033-3
dc.departamentoesEstratigrafía y paleontologíaes_ES
dc.departamentoeuEstratigrafia eta paleontologiaes_ES


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Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.