Graphene Oxide–Silver Nanoparticle Nanohybrids: Synthesis, Characterization, and Antimicrobial Properties
Cobos Zamarreño, Mónica
De la Pinta Aresti, Iker
Quindós Andrés, Guillermo
Fernández Fernández, María Jesús
Fernández Fernández, María Dolores
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Nanomaterials 10(2) : (2020) // Article ID 376
Drug resistance of pathogenic microorganisms has become a global public health problem, which has prompted the development of new materials with antimicrobial properties. In this context, antimicrobial nanohybrids are an alternative due to their synergistic properties. In this study, we used an environmentally friendly one-step approach to synthesize graphene oxide (GO) decorated with silver nanoparticles (GO–AgNPs). By this process, spherical AgNPs of average size less than 4 nm homogeneously distributed on the surface of the partially reduced GO can be generated in the absence of any stabilizing agent, only with ascorbic acid (L-AA) as a reducing agent and AgNO<sub>3</sub> as a metal precursor. The size of the AgNPs can be controlled by the AgNO<sub>3</sub> concentration and temperature. Smaller AgNPs are obtained at lower concentrations of the silver precursor and lower temperatures. The antimicrobial properties of nanohybrids against Gram-negative bacteria <i>Escherichia coli</i> and <i>Pseudomonas aeruginosa</i>, Gram-positive <i>Staphylococcus aureus</i>, and the yeast <i>Candida albicans</i> were found to be concentration- and time-dependent. <i>C. albicans</i> and <i>S. aureus</i> showed the highest susceptibility to GO–AgNPs. These nanohybrids can be used as nanofillers in polymer nanocomposites to develop materials with antimicrobial activity for applications in different areas, and another potential application could be cancer therapeutic agents.
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