Fatigue Design of Dental Implant Assemblies: A Nominal Stress Approach
Armentia Sánchez, Mikel
Abasolo Bilbao, Mikel
Coria Martínez, Ibai
Albizuri Irigoyen, Joseba
MetadataShow full item record
Metals 10(6) : (2020) // Article ID 744
Fatigue is the most common mechanical failure type in dental implants. ISO 14801 standardizes fatigue testing of dental implants, providing the load-life curve which is most useful for comparing the fatigue behavior of different dental implant designs. Based on it, many works were published in the dental implant literature, comparing different materials, component geometries, connection types, surface treatments, etc. These works are useful for clinicians in order to identify the best options available in the market. The present work is intended not for clinicians but for dental implant manufacturers, developing a design tool that combines Finite Element Analysis, fatigue formulation and ISO 14801 experimental tests. For that purpose, 46 experimental tests were performed on BTI INTERNA® IIPSCA4513 implants joined with INPPTU44 abutments by means of INTTUH prosthetic screws under three different tightening torque magnitudes. Then, the load case was reproduced in a FE model from where the nominal stress state in the fatigue critical section was worked out. Finally, Walker criterion was used to represent accurately the effects of mean stress and predict fatigue life of the studied dental implant assembly, which can be extended to most of the products of BTI manufacturer. By means of this tool, dental implant manufacturers will be able to identify the critical design and assembly parameters in terms of fatigue behavior, evaluate their influence in preliminary design stages and consequently design dental implants with significantly better fatigue response which in turn will reduce future clinical incidences.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).