The Tres Arroyos Granitic Aplite-Pegmatite Field (Central Iberian Zone, Spain): Petrogenetic Constraints from Evolution of Nb-Ta-Sn Oxides, Whole-Rock Geochemistry and U-Pb Geochronology
Garate Olave, Idoia
Roda Robles, María Encarnación
Gil Crespo, Pedro Pablo
Pesquera Pérez, Alfonso
Errandonea Martín, Jon
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Minerals 10(11) : (2020) // Article ID 1008
Abundant Li-Cs-Ta aplite-pegmatite dykes were emplaced in the western Central Iberian Zone of the Iberian Massif during the Variscan Orogeny. Their origin and petrogenetic relationships with the widespread granitoids have led to a currently rekindled discussion about anatectic vs. granitic origin for the pegmatitic melts. To deal with these issues, the aplite-pegmatite dykes from the Tres Arroyos area, which constitute a zoned pegmatitic field related to the Nisa-Alburquerque granitic batholith, have been studied. This work comprises a complete study of Nb-Ta-Sn oxides’ mineralogy, whole-rock geochemistry, and U-Pb geochronology of the aplite-pegmatites that have been grouped as barren, intermediate, and Li-rich. The most abundant Nb-Ta-Sn oxides from Tres Arroyos correspond to columbite-(Fe), columbite-(Mn) and cassiterite. Niobium-Ta oxides show a marked increase in the Mn/(Mn+Fe) ratio from the barren aplite-pegmatites up to the Li-rich bodies, whereas variations in the Ta/(Ta+Nb) ratio are not continuous. The probable factors controlling fractionation of Mn/Fe and Ta/Nb reflected in Nb-Ta oxides may be attributed to the crystallization of tourmaline, phosphates and micas. The lack of a progressive Ta/Nb increase with the fractionation may be also influenced by the high F and P availability in the parental pegmatitic melts. Most of the primary Nb-Ta oxides would have crystallized by punctual chemical variations in the boundary layer, whereas cassiterite formation would be related to an undercooling of the system. Whole-rock composition of the distinguished lithotypes reflects similar tendencies to those observed in mineral chemistry, supporting a single path of fractional crystallization from the parental Nisa-Alburquerque monzogranite up to the most evolved Li-rich aplite-pegmatites. The age of 305 ± 9 Ma, determined by LA-ICP-MS U-Pb dating of columbite-tantalite oxides, reinforces the linkage of the studied aplite-pegmatites and the cited parental monzogranite.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).