Now showing items 1-6 of 6
Upconversion cooling of Er-doped low-phonon fluorescent solids
(American Physical Society, 2009-01)
We report on a novel mechanism for laser cooling of fluorescent solids based on infrared-to-visible upconversion often found in rare-earth-doped low-phonon materials. This type of optical cooling presents some advantages ...
Ab initio calculation of low-energy collective charge-density excitations in MgB2
(American Physical Society, 2009-08)
We present ab initio time-dependent density-functional theory calculation results for low-energy collective electron excitations in MgB2. The existence of a long-lived collective excitation corresponding to coherent charge ...
Dynamic optimization of track components to minimize rail corrugation
In this paper, the influence on corrugation of the most significant track parameters has been examined. After this parametric study, the optimization of the track parameters to minimize the undulatory wear growth has been ...
Wheel-rail wear index prediction considering multiple contact patches
This paper shows a new wheel-rail contact model specially suited to obtain wear indexes between wheel and rail when the vehicle negotiates tight curves. The model presented in the paper enables introduction of the two ...
Exchange-Correlation Hole of a Generalized Gradient Approximation for Solids and Surfaces
(American Physical Society, 2009-02)
We propose a generalized gradient approximation (GGA) for the angle- and system-averaged exchange-correlation hole of a many-electron system. This hole, which satisfies known exact constraints, recovers the Perdew-Burke-Ernzerhof ...
Position-dependent exact-exchange energy for slabs and semi-infinite jellium
(American Physical Society, 2009-12)
The position-dependent exact-exchange energy per particle epsilon(x)(z) (defined as the interaction between a given electron at z and its exact-exchange hole) at metal surfaces is investigated, by using either jellium slabs ...