Anatomical Characterization of the Type-1 cannabinoid receptors in specific brain cell populations of mutant mice
Gutiérrez Rodríguez, Ana
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The Cannabinoid Type I receptor protein (CB1) expression in the hippocampus of rescue mice modified to express the gene exclusively in specific brain cell types: such as dorsal telencephalic glutamatergic neurons, or GABAergic neurons have been analysed. Furthermore, aiming at knowing the exact anatomical distribution of the astroglial CB1 receptors with respect to the excitatory and inhibitory synapses, the CB1 receptor expression in astrocytes of mouse expressing CB1 receptor only in astrocytes and mutant mouse expressing the protein hrGFP into astrocytes (that allows for better detection of the astrocytic processes) have been also investigated. The results showed that the majority of the hippocampal synapses surrounded by CB1 receptor immunopositive astrocytes in the 400-800 nm range are of excitatory nature. Moreover, the CB1 receptor rescue mutant mice characterized in this Doctoral Thesis have proven 1) to express CB1 receptors in specific brain cell types; 2) the re-expression is limited to the particular brain cell populations; 3) the endogenous levels of CB1 receptors are maintained in the brain cell types re-expressing the receptor. Which makes this mutant mice excellent tools for functional and translational investigations on the role of the CB1 receptors in the normal and diseased brain.