Oracles for audio chord estimation
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This paper explores how audio chord estimation could improve if information about chord boundaries or beat onsets is revealed by an oracle. Chord estimation at the frame level is compared with three simulations, each using an oracle of increasing powers. The beat and chord segments revealed by an oracle are used to compute a chord ranking at the segment level, and to compute the cumulative probability of finding the correct chord among the top ranked chords. Oracle results on two different audio datasets demonstrate the substantial potential of segment versus frame approaches for chord audio estimation. This paper also provides a comparison of the oracle results on the Beatles dataset, the standard dataset in this area, with the new Billboard Hot 100 chord dataset.