Now showing items 212-231 of 318

    • Thumbnail

      Permutationally invariant state reconstruction 

      Moroder, Tobias; Hyllus, Philipp; Tóth, Géza; Schwemmer, Christian; Niggebaum, Alexander; Gaile, Stefanie; Guehne, Otfried; Weinfurter, Harald (IOP Publishing, 2012-10)
      Feasible tomography schemes for large particle numbers must possess, besides an appropriate data acquisition protocol, an efficient way to reconstruct the density operator from the observed finite data set. Since state ...
    • Thumbnail

      Phantom Membrane Microfluidic Cross-Flow Filtration Device for the Direct Optical Detection of Water Pollutants 

      Lanfranco, Roberta; Saez Castaño, Janire; Di Nicolò, E.; Benito López, Fernando; Buscaglia, Marco (Elservier, 2017-11-06)
      The diffusion of autonomous sensing platforms capable of a remote large-scale surveillance of environmental water basins is currently limited by the cost and complexity of standard analytical methods. In order to create a ...
    • Thumbnail

      Physiological modules for generating discrete and rhythmic movements: Component analysis of EMG signals 

      Bengoechea Arrese, Ana María; Leurs, Françoise; Hoellinger, Thomas; Cebolla, Ana María; Dan, Bernard; Cheron, Guy; McIntyre, Joseph (Frontiers Research Foundation, 2015-01-09)
      A central question in Neuroscience is that of how the nervous system generates the spatiotemporal commands needed to realize complex gestures, such as handwriting. A key postulate is that the central nervous system (CNS) ...
    • Thumbnail

      Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) Derivatives: Innovative Conductive Polymers for Bioelectronics 

      Mantione, Daniele; Del Agua López, Isabel; Sánchez Sánchez, Ana; Mecerreyes Molero, David (MDPI, 2017-08)
      Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)s are the conducting polymers (CP) with the biggest prospects in the field of bioelectronics due to their combination of characteristics (conductivity, stability, transparency and ...
    • Thumbnail

      Poly(ionic Liquid) Thermo-responsive Hydrogel Microfluidic Actuators 

      Tudor, Aleksandru; Saez Castaño, Janire; Florea, Larisa; Benito López, Fernando; Diamond, Dermot (2017-03-14)
      tributylhexyl phosphonium sulfopropylacrylate (PSPA) poly(ionic liquid) (PILc) hydrogels as temperature controlled actuators in microfluidic devices. The hydrogel size is modulated by localised changes in its temperature ...
    • Thumbnail

      Poly(ionic liquid)-based engineered mixed matrix membranes for CO2/H2 separation 

      Nabais, Ana R.; Martins, Ana P.S.; Alves, Vítor D.; Crespo, João G.; Marrucho, Isabel M.; Tomé, Liliana C.; Neves, Luísa A. (Elsevier, 2019-04-06)
      Poly(ionic liquid)s (PIL) have emerged as a class of versatile polyelectrolites, that can be used to prepare new materials able to achieve superior performances compared to conventional polymers. The combination of PILs ...
    • Thumbnail

      Poly(ionic liquid)–ionic liquid membranes with fluorosulfonyl derived anions: characterization and biohydrogen separation 

      Gouveia, Andreia S.L.; Malcaitè, Eglè; Lozinskaya, Elena I.; Shapl, Alexander S.; Tomé, Liliana C.; Marrucho, Isabel M. (ACS, 2020-04-21)
      Clean and sustainable energy production has become a key global issue concerning the world’s energy shortage and environmental problematic. Despite the recognized potential of biohydrogen (bioH2) for sustainable development, ...
    • Thumbnail

      Polycyclic aromatic chains on metals and insulating layers by repetitive [3+2] cycloadditions 

      Riss, Alexander; Richter, Marcus; Pérez Paz, Alejandro; Wang, Xiao-Ye; Raju, Rajesh; He, Yuanqin; Ducke, Jacob; Corral, Eduardo; Wuttke, Michael; Seufert, Knud; Garnica, Manuela; Rubio Secades, Angel; Barth, Johannes V.; Narita, Akimitsu; Muellen, Klaus; Berger, Reinhard; Feng, Xinliang; Palma, Carlos Andres; Auwaerter, Willi (Nature Publishing, 2020-03-20)
      The vast potential of organic materials for electronic, optoelectronic and spintronic devices entails substantial interest in the fabrication of -conjugated systems with tailored functionality directly at insulating ...
    • Thumbnail

      Polyether Synthesis by Bulk Self-Condensation of Diols Catalyzed by Non-eutectic Acid Base Organocatalysts 

      Basterrechea Gorostiza, Andere; Gabirondo, Elena; Jehanno, Coralie; Zhu, Haijin; Flores, Irma; Müller Sánchez, Alejandro Jesús; Etxeberria Lizarraga, Agustín; Mecerreyes Molero, David; Coulembier, Olivier; Sardon Muguruza, Haritz (American Chemical Society, 2019-01-25)
      Polyethers constitute a well-established class of polymers covering a wide range of applications from industrial man-ufacturing to nanomedicine. Nevertheless, their industrial implementation is limited to short chain ...
    • Thumbnail

      Polymer-Optical-Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers Doped with Organic Dyes 

      Arrue Aramburu, Juan Antonio; Jiménez Hernández, Felipe; Ayesta Ereño, Igor; Illarramendi Leturia, María Asunción; Zubia Zaballa, Joseba Andoni (MDPI, 2011-09)
      Polymer optical fibers (POFs) doped with organic dyes can be used to make efficient lasers and amplifiers due to the high gains achievable in short distances. This paper analyzes the peculiarities of light amplification ...
    • Thumbnail

      Porous self-protonating spiropyran-based NIPAAm gels with improved reswelling kinetics 

      Ziołkowski, Bartosz; Florea, Larisa; Jannick, Theobald; Benito López, Fernando; Diamond, Dermot (Springer, 2016-02)
      [EN] This study focuses on improving the speed ofactuation of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)-based photoresponsive gels containing copolymerised spiropyran as the photoswitch and acrylic acid as the proton source. The improvement ...
    • Thumbnail

      Prenatal air pollution exposure and growth and cardio-metabolic risk in preschoolers 

      Fossati, Serena; Valvi, Damaskini; Martínez, David; Cirach, Marta; Estarlich, Marisa; Fernández Somoano, Ana; Guxens, Mónica; Iñíguez, Carmen; Irizar, Amaia; Lertxundi Manterola, Aitana; Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark J.; Tamayo, Ibon; Vioque, Jesús; Tardón, Adonina; Sunyer, Jordi; Vrijheid, Martine (Elsevier, 2020-03-16)
      Objectives: We investigated the association between outdoor air pollutants exposure in the first trimester of pregnancy, and growth and cardio-metabolic risk at four years of age, and evaluated the mediating role of birth ...
    • Thumbnail

      Progress toward Equitably Managed Protected Areas in Aichi Target 11: A Global Survey 

      Zafra Calvo, Noelia; Garmendia Oleaga, Eneko; Pascual, Unai; Palomo, Ignacio; Gross Camp, Nicole; Brockington, Daniel; Cortés Vázquez, José Antonio; Coolsaet, Brendan; Burgess, Neil David (Oxford University Press, 2019-03)
      The Convention on Biological Diversity Aichi Target 11 requires its 193 signatory parties to incorporate social equity into protected area (PA) management by 2020. However, there is limited evidence of progress toward this ...
    • Thumbnail

      Promotion of self-nucleation with latent Form I nuclei in polybutene-1 and its copolymer 

      Wang, Zefan; Dong, Xia; Cavallo, Dario; Müller Sánchez, Alejandro Jesús; Wang, Dujin (American Chemical Society, 2018-08-02)
      The formation of Form I nuclei of polybutene-1 (PB-1) and its copolymer with polyethylene (PB1-ran-PE) has been studied by means of modified self-nucleation protocols. Even when the self-nucleation temperature was high ...
    • Thumbnail

      Public attitudes toward biodiversity‐friendly greenspace management in Europe 

      Fischer, Leonie K.; Neuenkamp, Lena; Lampinen, Jussi; Tuomi, Maria; Alday, Josu G.; Bucharova, Anna; Cancellieri, Laura; Casado Arzuaga, Izaskun; Čeplová, Natálie; Cerveró, Lluïsa; Deák, Balázs; Eriksson, Ove; Fellowes, Mark D. E.; Fernández de Manuel, Beatriz; Filibeck, Goffredo; González Guzmán, Adrián; Hinojosa, M. Belen; Kowarik, Ingo; Lumbierres, Belén; Miguel, Ana; Pardo, Rosa; Pons, Xavier; Rodríguez García, Encarna; Schröder, Roland; Sperandii, Marta Gaia; Unterweger, Philipp; Valkó, Orsolya; Vázquez, Víctor; Klaus, Valentin H. (Wiley, 2020)
      Increasing urbanization worldwide calls for more sustainable urban development. Simultaneously, the global biodiversity crisis accentuates the need of fostering biodiversity within cities. Policies supporting urban nature ...
    • Thumbnail

      QoE-Oriented Mobile Edge Service Management Leveraging SDN and NFV 

      Peng, Shuping; Fajardo Portillo, José Oscar; Khodashenas, Pouria Sayyad; Blanco Jauregui, Begoña; Liberal Malaina, Fidel; Ruiz, Cristina; Turyagyenda, Charles; Wilson, Mick; Vadgama, Sunil (Hindawi, 2017)
      5G envisages a "hyperconnected society" where trillions of diverse entities could communicate with each other anywhere and at any time, some of which will demand extremely challenging performance requirements such as ...
    • Thumbnail

      Quantum crystal structure in the 250-kelvin superconducting lanthanum hydride 

      Errea Lope, Ion; Belli, Francesco; Monacelli, Lorenzo; Sanna, Antonio; Koretsune, Takashi; Tadano, Terumasa; Bianco, Raffaello; Calandra, Matteo; Arita, Ryotaro; Mauri, Francesco; Flores-Livas, Jose A. (Springer Nature, 2020-02-05)
      The discovery of superconductivity at 200 kelvin in the hydrogen sulfide system at high pressures demonstrated the potential of hydrogen-rich materials as high-temperature superconductors. Recent theoretical predictions ...
    • Thumbnail

      Quantum Memristors in Frequency-Entangled Optical Fields 

      González Raya, Tasio; Lukens, Joseph M.; Céleri, Lucas C.; Sanz Ruiz, Mikel (MDPI, 2020-02-14)
      A quantum memristor is a passive resistive circuit element with memory, engineered in a given quantum platform. It can be represented by a quantum system coupled to a dissipative environment, in which a system–bath ...
    • Thumbnail

      Quantum Simulation of Dissipative Processes without Reservoir Engineering 

      Di Candia, Roberto; Simón Pedernales, Julen Jon; Del Campo, Adolfo; Solano Villanueva, Enrique Leónidas; Casanova Marcos, Jorge (Nature Publishing Group, 2015-05-29)
      We present a quantum algorithm to simulate general finite dimensional Lindblad master equations without the requirement of engineering the system-environment interactions. The proposed method is able to simulate both ...
    • Thumbnail

      Quantum Simulator for Transport Phenomena in Fluid Flows 

      Mezzacapo, Antonio; Sanz Ruiz, Mikel; Lamata Manuel, Lucas; Egusquiza Egusquiza, Iñigo Luis; S. Succi; Solano Villanueva, Enrique Leónidas (Nature Publishing Group, 2015-08-17)
      Transport phenomena still stand as one of the most challenging problems in computational physics. By exploiting the analogies between Dirac and lattice Boltzmann equations, we develop a quantum simulator based on ...