Now showing items 150-169 of 220

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      Quantifying interregional flows of multiple ecosystem services A case study for Germany 

      Kleemann, J.; Schröter, M.; Bagstad, K.J.; Kuhlicke, C.; Kastner, T.; Fridman, D.; Schulp, C.J.E.; Wolff, S.; Martínez-López, J.; Koellner, T.; Arnhold, S.; Martín-López, B.; Marques, A.; Lopez-Hoffman, L.; Liu, J.; Kissinger, M.; Guerra, C.A.; Bonn, A. (Elsevier, 2020)
      Despite a growing number of national-scale ecosystem service (ES) assessments, few studies consider the impacts of ES use and consumption beyond national or regional boundaries. Interregional ES flows ecosystem services ...
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      Quantum Artificial Life in an IBM Quantum Computer 

      Alvarez-Rodriguez, U.; Sanz, M.; Lamata, L.; Solano, E. (Springer Nature, 2018)
      We present the first experimental realization of a quantum artificial life algorithm in a quantum computer. The quantum biomimetic protocol encodes tailored quantum behaviors belonging to living systems, namely, self-replication, ...
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      Quantum autoencoders via quantum adders with genetic algorithms 

      Lamata, L.; Alvarez-Rodriguez, U.; Martín-Guerrero, J.D.; Sanz, M.; Solano, E. (IOP Publishing, 2019)
      The quantum autoencoder is a recent paradigm in the field of quantum machine learning, which may enable an enhanced use of resources in quantum technologies. To this end, quantum neural networks with less nodes in the inner ...
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      Reconciling global-model estimates and country reporting of anthropogenic forest CO 2 sinks 

      Grassi, G.; House, J.; Kurz, W.A.; Cescatti, A.; Houghton, R.A.; Peters, G.P.; Sanz, M.J.; Viñas, R.A.; Alkama, R.; Arneth, A.; Bondeau, A.; Dentener, F.; Fader, M.; Federici, S.; Friedlingstein, P.; Jain, A.K.; Kato, E.; Koven, C.D.; Lee, D.; Nabel, J.E.M.S.; Nassikas, A.A.; Perugini, L.; Rossi, S.; Sitch, S.; Viovy, N.; Wiltshire, A.; Zaehle, S. (Springer, 2018)
      Achieving the long-term temperature goal of the Paris Agreement requires forest-based mitigation. Collective progress towards this goal will be assessed by the Paris Agreement s Global stocktake. At present, there is a ...
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      Recovery of lakes and coastal marine ecosystems from eutrophication: A global meta-analysis 

      McCrackin, M.L.; Jones, H.P.; Jones, P.C.; Moreno-Mateos, D. (Wiley, 2017)
      In order to inform policies aimed at reducing nutrient emissions to surface waters, it is essential to understand how aquatic ecosystems respond to eutrophication management. Using data from 89 studies worldwide, we examined ...
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      Recuperación de las interacciones entre el haya (Fagus sylvatica) y los hongos ectomicorrícicos 140 años después del fin de la actividad minera 

      Rodríguez-Uña, A.; Hidalgo-Castañeda, J.; Salcedo, I.; Moreno-Mateos, D. (AEET, 2019)
      Even the increasing use of restoration, it does not always imply a shortterm answer in ecosystems that guarantees the recovery of their structure, functions, and services. So far, most studies evaluating ecosystem recovery ...
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      Reduce blue water scarcity and increase nutritional and economic water productivity through changing the cropping pattern in a catchment 

      Nouri, H.; Stokvis, B; Chavoshi Borujeni, S; Galindo, A; Brugnach, M.; Blatchford, M.L.; Alaghmand, S.; Hoekstra, A.Y. (Elsevier, 2020)
      Water-stressed countries need to plan their food security and reduce the pressure on their limited water resources. Agriculture, the largest water-using sector, has a major role in addressing water scarcity and food security ...
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      Regeneration in the understory of declining overstory trees contributes to soil respiration homeostasis along succession in a sub-Mediterranean beech forest 

      Rodríguez-Calcerrada, J.; Salomón, R.; Barba, J.; Gordaliza, G.G.; Yuste, J.C.; Magro, C.; Gil, L. (MDPI, 2019)
      Research Highlights: Tree decline can alter soil carbon cycling, given the close relationship between primary production and the activity of roots and soil microbes. Background and Objectives: We studied how tree decline ...
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      Renewable energy regulation and structural breaks: An empirical analysis of Spanish electricity price volatility 

      Ciarreta, A.; Pizarro-Irizar, C.; Zarraga, A. (ENERGY ECONOMICS, 2020)
      International experience proves that electricity prices have undergone major changes in volatility since the entry of green technologies. The intermittency of renewable sources is one of the reasons for these changes, as ...
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      Responses of sub-Saharan smallholders to climate change: Strategies and drivers of adaptation 

      García de Jalón, S.; Iglesias, A.; Neumann, M.B. (Elsevier, 2018)
      Rural farm households in sub-Saharan Africa are vulnerable to climate variability due to their limited adaptive capacity. This paper explores how adaptation strategies are adopted by small-holders in sub-Saharan Africa as ...
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      Restauración de interacciones 

      Moreno, Mateos, D. (AEET, 2019)
      [No abstract available]
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      Restaurando la funcionalidad de los ecosistemas: La importancia de las interacciones entre especies 

      Sobral, M.; Magrach, A. (AEET, 2019)
      Restoration of natural ecosystems has traditionally focused on recovering specific richness to recover ecosystem functionality. However, species within a natural ecosystem are not isolated, they interact with others forming ...
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      Restoration and repair of Earth s damaged ecosystems 

      Jones, H.P.; Jones, P.C.; Barbier, E.B.; Blackburn, R.C.; Rey, Benayas, J.M.; Holl, K.D.; McCrackin, M.; Meli, P.; Montoya, D.; Mateos, D.M. (The Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, 2018)
      Given that few ecosystems on the Earth have been unaffected by humans, restoring them holds great promise for stemming the biodiversity crisis and ensuring ecosystem services are provided to humanity. Nonetheless, few ...
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      Restricting water withdrawals of the thermal power sector: An input-output analysis for the northeast of the United States 

      Dilekli, N.; Duchin, F.; Cazcarro, I. (Elsevier, 2018)
      As water scarcity and pollution of sources become increasingly severe and widespread, competition over this resource intensifies. Unlike much of the rest of the world, thermal power plants in the US are the biggest users ...
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      Risk measures and the distribution of damage curves for 600 European coastal cities 

      Abadie, L.M.; Galarraga, I.; Markandya, A.; Sainz, De, Murieta, E. (IOP Publishing, 2019)
      A good understanding of climate change damages is vital to design effective adaptation policies and measures. Using a dataset of probabilistic sea-level rise and other of flood damages and protection cost curves for the ...
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      Scarce population genetic differentiation but substantial spatiotemporal phenotypic variation of water-use efficiency in Pinus sylvestris at its western distribution range 

      Santini, F.; Ferrio, J.P.; Heres, A.-M.; Notivol, E.; Piqué, M.; Serrano, L.; Shestakova, T.A.; Sin, E.; Vericat, P.; Voltas, J. (Springer, 2018)
      Water and carbon fluxes in forests are largely related to leaf gas exchange physiology varying across spatiotemporal scales and modulated by plant responses to environmental cues. We quantified the relevance of genetic and ...
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      Sea level damage risk with probabilistic weighting of IPCC scenarios: An application to major coastal cities 

      Abadie, L.M. (Elsevier, 2018)
      In some coastal cities there is an urgent need to decide on adaptation investments given the long periods needed to complete the relevant infrastructures. However such decisions are usually made under significant uncertainty ...
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      Sediment Respiration Pulses in Intermittent Rivers and Ephemeral Streams 

      von Schiller, D.; Datry, T.; Corti, R.; Foulquier, A.; Tockner, K.; Marcé, R.; García-Baquero, G.; Odriozola, I.; Obrador, B.; Elosegi, A.; Mendoza-Lera, C.; Gessner, M.O.; Stubbington, R.; Albariño, R.; Allen, D.C.; Altermatt, F.; Arce, M.I.; Arnon, S.; Banas, D.; Banegas-Medina, A.; Beller, E.; Blanchette, M.L.; Blanco-Libreros, J.F.; Blessing, J.; Boëchat, I.G.; Boersma, K.S.; Bogan, M.T.; Bonada, N.; Bond, N.R.; Brintrup, K.; Bruder, A.; Burrows, R.M.; Cancellario, T.; Carlson, S.M.; Cauvy-Fraunié, S.; Cid, N.; Danger, M.; de Freitas Terra, B.; Dehedin, A.; De Girolamo, A.M.; del Campo, R.; Díaz-Villanueva, V.; Duerdoth, C.P.; Dyer, F.; Faye, E.; Febria, C.; Figueroa, R.; Four, B.; Gafny, S.; Gómez, R.; Gómez-Gener, L.; Graça, M.A.S.; Guareschi, S.; Gücker, B.; Hoppeler, F.; Hwan, J.L.; Kubheka, S.; Laini, A.; Langhans, S.D.; Leigh, C.; Little, C.J.; Lorenz, S.; Marshall, J.; Martín, E.J.; McIntosh, A.; Meyer, E.I.; Milisa, M.; Mlambo, M.C.; Moleón, M.; Morais, M.; Negus, P.; Niyogi, D.; Papatheodoulou, A.; Pardo, I.; Paril, P.; Pesic, V.; Piscart, C.; Polasek, M.; Rodríguez-Lozano, P.; Rolls, R.J.; Sánchez-Montoya, M.M.; Savic, A.; Shumilova, O.; Steward, A.; Taleb, A.; Uzan, A.; Van der Vorste, R.; Waltham, N.; Woelfle-Erskine, C.; Zak, D.; Zarfl, C.; Zoppini, A. (American Geophysical Union, 2019)
      Intermittent rivers and ephemeral streams (IRES) may represent over half the global stream network, but their contribution to respiration and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions is largely undetermined. In particular, little ...
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      Significant implications of permafrost thawing for climate change control 

      González-Eguino, Mikel; Neumann, Marc B. (Climatic Change, 2016-04-11)
      Large amounts of carbon are stored as permafrost within the Arctic and sub-Arctic regions. As permafrost thaws due to climate warming, carbon dioxide and methane are released. Recent studies indicate that the pool of carbon ...
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      Simulating rewetting events in intermittent rivers and ephemeral streams: A global analysis of leached nutrients and organic matter 

      Shumilova, O.; Zak, D.; Datry, T.; Von Schiller, D.; Corti, R.; Foulquier, A.; Obrador, B.; Tockner, K.; Allan, D.C.; Altermatt, F.; Arce, M.I.; Arnon, S.; Banas, D.; Banegas-Medina, A.; Beller, E.; Blanchette, M.L.; Blanco-Libreros, J.F.; Blessing, J.; Boëchat, I.G.; Boersma, K.; Bogan, M.T.; Bonada, N.; Bond, N.R.; Brintrup, K.; Bruder, A.; Burrows, R.; Cancellario, T.; Carlson, S.M.; Cauvy-Fraunié, S.; Cid, N.; Danger, M.; de Freitas, Terra, B.; Girolamo, A.M.D.; del Campo, R.; Dyer, F.; Elosegi, A.; Faye, E.; Febria, C.; Figueroa, R.; Four, B.; Gessner, M.O.; Gnohossou, P.; Cerezo, R.G.; Gomez-Gener, L.; Graça, M.A.S.; Guareschi, S.; Gücker, B.; Hwan, J.L.; Kubheka, S.; Langhans, S.D.; Leigh, C.; Little, C.J.; Lorenz, S.; Marshall, J.; McIntosh, A.; Mendoza-Lera, C.; Meyer, E.I.; Milisa, M.; Mlambo, M.C.; Moleón, M.; Negus, P.; Niyogi, D.; Papatheodoulou, A.; Pardo, I.; Paril, P.; Pesic, V.; Rodriguez-Lozano, P.; Rolls, R.J.; Sanchez-Montoya, M.M.; Savic, A.; Steward, A.; Stubbington, R.; Taleb, A.; Vorste, R.V.; Waltham, N.; Zoppini, A.; Zarfl, C. (John Wiley and Sons, 2019)
      Climate change and human pressures are changing the global distribution and the extent of intermittent rivers and ephemeral streams (IRES), which comprise half of the global river network area. IRES are characterized by ...