Designing multifunctional pigments for an improved energy efficiency in buildings
Arriortua Marcaida, María Isabel
Larrañaga Varga, Aitor
Villasante, Pedro María
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Energy and Buildings 174 : 9-13 (2017) // https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2017.04.081
Materials science offers solutions that when are combined can offer important energy savings in the building sector. In this study, high reflectance coating and thermal storage capacity are combined with the aim of improving energy efficiency in buildings. For this issue a multifunctional pigment having a phase change material adsorbed on its surface and a high total solar reflectance has been manufactured. The total solar reflectance of the pigment will make the paint to reflect the sunlight radiation in the infrared part of the spectrum reducing the amount of absorbed radiation. This high reflection provides a surface level effect as is a passive stimulus-responsive solution that acts with sunlight radiation. On the other hand, the thermal storage capability provides a bulk level effect as is passive stimulus-responsive solution acting by temperature changes, making it possible to use constructive materials as a thermal energy storage media. The preparation process is described and the pigment is characterized conveniently. The thermal performance of corresponding pigmented coatings was evaluated by an experiment simulation in which different boxes were covered with the coating containing the multifunctional pigment and traditional pigmented coating on their tops. The indoor air temperature and the interior temperature of the substrate were measured obtaining differences of 4–5°C.