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dc.contributor.authorFlores, O.
dc.contributor.authorDeckmyn, G.
dc.contributor.authorYuste, J.C.
dc.contributor.authorJavaux, M.
dc.contributor.authorUvarov, A.
dc.contributor.authorvan der Linde, S.
dc.contributor.authorde Vos, B.
dc.contributor.authorVereecken, H.
dc.contributor.authorJiménez, J.
dc.contributor.authorVinduskova, O.
dc.contributor.authorSchnepf, A.
dc.identifier.citationPeerJ: 9: 10707 (2021)es_ES
dc.description.abstractNew knowledge on soil structure highlights its importance for hydrology and soil organic matter (SOM) stabilization, which however remains neglected in many wide used models. We present here a new model, KEYLINK, in which soil structure is integrated with the existing concepts on SOM pools, and elements from food web models, that is, those from direct trophic interactions among soil organisms. KEYLINK is, therefore, an attempt to integrate soil functional diversity and food webs in predictions of soil carbon (C) and soil water balances. We present a selection of equations that can be used for most models as well as basic parameter intervals, for example, key pools, functional groups' biomasses and growth rates. Parameter distributions can be determined with Bayesian calibration, and here an example is presented for food web growth rate parameters for a pine forest in Belgium. We show how these added equations can improve the functioning of the model in describing known phenomena. For this, five test cases are given as simulation examples: changing the input litter quality (recalcitrance and carbon to nitrogen ratio), excluding predators, increasing pH and changing initial soil porosity. These results overall show how KEYLINK is able to simulate the known effects of these parameters and can simulate the linked effects of biopore formation, hydrology and aggregation on soil functioning. Furthermore, the results show an important trophic cascade effect of predation on the complete C cycle with repercussions on the soil structure as ecosystem engineers are predated, and on SOM turnover when predation on fungivore and bacterivore populations are reduced. In summary, KEYLINK shows how soil functional diversity and trophic organization and their role in C and water cycling in soils should be considered in order to improve our predictions on C sequestration and C emissions from soils. © 2021 PeerJ Inc.. All rights reserved.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThe following grant information was disclosed by the authors: COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology): FP1305 (BioLink) and ES1406 (KEYSOM). Short Term Scientific Mission (STSM) programs. Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities. Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (MINECO): IBERYCA (CGL2017-84723-P). BC3 María de Maeztu Excellence Accreditation: MDM-2017-0714. Basque Government: BERC 2018-2021. This article is based upon work from COST Actions FP1305 (BioLink) and ES1406 (KEYSOM), supported by COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology), and their Short Term Scientific Mission (STSM) programs. Omar Flores’ work was funded by FPU PhD grant program of the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities. Jorge Curiel Yuste received funding from the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (MINECO) under projects IBERYCA (CGL2017-84723-P) and the BC3 María de Maeztu excellence accreditation (MDM-2017-0714). Jorge Curiel Yuste also received funding from the Basque Government through the BERC 2018-2021 program. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.es_ES
dc.subjectEcosystem engineeringes_ES
dc.subjectEcosystem modelses_ES
dc.subjectGrowth rateses_ES
dc.subjectPredator exclusiones_ES
dc.subjectSoil food webes_ES
dc.subjectSoil matrixes_ES
dc.subjectSoil organic matteres_ES
dc.subjectSoil structurees_ES
dc.subjectTrophic cascadeses_ES
dc.titleKEYLINK: Towards a more integrative soil representation for inclusion in ecosystem scale models - II: Model description, implementation and testinges_ES
dc.rights.holder© 2021 Flores et al.es_ES
dc.rights.holderAtribución-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 3.0 España*

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