A Real-Time Sliding Mode Control for a Wind Energy System Based on a Doubly Fed Induction Generator
Barambones Caramazana, Oscar
Cortajarena Echeverria, José Antonio
Alkorta Egiguren, Patxi
González de Durana García, José María
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Energies 7 (10) 2014 : 6412-6433 (2014) // Article ID en7106412
In this paper, a real time sliding mode control scheme for a variable speed wind turbine that incorporates a doubly feed induction generator is described. In this design, the so-called vector control theory is applied, in order to simplify the system electrical equations. The proposed control scheme involves a low computational cost and therefore can be implemented in real-time applications using a low cost Digital Signal Processor (DSP). The stability analysis of the proposed sliding mode controller under disturbances and parameter uncertainties is provided using the Lyapunov stability theory. A new experimental platform has been designed and constructed in order to analyze the real-time performance of the proposed controller in a real system. Finally, the experimental validation carried out in the experimental platform shows; on the one hand that the proposed controller provides high-performance dynamic characteristics, and on the other hand that this scheme is robust with respect to the uncertainties that usually appear in the real systems.