The patents in the introduction of reinforced concrete in Spain: "Alhondiga de Bilbao" case study
Marcos Rodríguez, Ignacio
San José Lombera, José Tomás
Cuadrado Rojo, Jesús
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Informes de la construcción 66(534) 2014 : (2014) // Article ID e024
Reinforced concrete structures are introduced in Spain mainly by French influence. This happens in the late nineteenth century, following the scheme operating through proprietary systems prevailing in Europe. Systems initially have poor scientific support reaching, even early twentieth century, an impediment to the development of concrete structures, due to the lack of knowledge shown, as well as due to a series of accidents. Therefore, from the end of the first decade of the past century are enacted a series of regulations in many countries, that will change the design and calculation of reinforced concrete structure. The knowledge of the environment of the patent systems, its beginnings and the circumstances of their application allow us to understand the constraints of the early concrete structures, as presented in the Bilbao wine store (1906).