Physiology of Language
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Mancini, S. (2016). Physiology of Language. In T. Shackelford & V. Weekes-Schakelford (Eds). Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychology. Springer.
Comprehending and producing linguistic utterances relies on complex phonological, syntactic, and semantic representations that we incrementally and unconsciously build as the message unfolds in time. Behind these cognitive mechanisms there are physiological processes that drive visual and acoustic perception of linguistic stimuli and the production of sounds. In the following, the main principles underlying the physiology of speech perception and articulation as well as of reading abilities will be described.