Ab initio calculation of low-energy collective charge-density excitations in MgB2
Silkin, Viatcheslav M.
Echenique Landiribar, Pedro Miguel
Tchoulkov Savkin, Evgueni Vladimirovich
MetadataShow full item record
Physical Review B 80(5) : (2009) // Article 054521
We present ab initio time-dependent density-functional theory calculation results for low-energy collective electron excitations in MgB2. The existence of a long-lived collective excitation corresponding to coherent charge density fluctuations between the boron sigma and pi bands (sigma pi mode) is demonstrated. This mode has a sine-like oscillating dispersion for energies below 0.5 eV. At even lower energy we find another collective mode (sigma sigma mode). We show the strong impact of local-field effects on dielectric functions in MgB2. These effects account for the long q-range behavior of the modes. We discuss the physics that these collective excitations bring to the energy region typical for lattice vibrations.