Prediction of central neuropathic pain in spinal cord injury based on EEG classifier
Ferrer Gallardo, Vicente Jose
MetadataShow full item record
Aleksandra Vuckovic, Vicente Jose Ferrer Gallardo, Mohammed Jarjees, Mathew Fraser, Mariel Purcell, Prediction of central neuropathic pain in spinal cord injury based on EEG classifier, Clinical Neurophysiology, Volume 129, Issue 8, 2018, Pages 1605-1617, ISSN 1388-2457, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinph.2018.04.750.
Objectives To create a classifier based on electroencephalography (EEG) to identify spinal cord injured (SCI) participants at risk of developing central neuropathic pain (CNP) by comparing them with patients who had already developed pain and with able bodied controls. Methods Multichannel EEG was recorded in the relaxed eyes opened and eyes closed states in 10 able bodied participants and 31 subacute SCI participants (11 with CNP, 10 without NP and 10 who later developed pain within 6 months of the EEG recording). Up to nine EEG band power features were classified using linear and non-linear classifiers. Results Three classifiers (artificial neural networks ANN, support vector machine SVM and linear discriminant analysis LDA) achieved similar average performances, higher than 85% on a full set of features identifying patients at risk of developing pain and achieved comparably high performance classifying between other groups. With only 10 channels, LDA and ANN achieved 86% and 83% accuracy respectively, identifying patients at risk of developing CNP. Conclusion Transferable learning classifier can detect patients at risk of developing CNP. EEG markers of pain appear before its physical symptoms. Simple and complex classifiers have comparable performance. Significance Identify patients to receive prophylaxic treatment of CNP.