Links Between Data On Chemical And Biological Quality Parameters In Wastewater-Impacted River Sediment And Water Samples
Martínez Santos, Miren Itsaso
Unda Calvo, Jessica
Garbisu Crespo, Carlos
Ruiz Romera, María Estilita
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Data In Brief 19 : 616-622 (2018)
In many urban catchments, the discharge of effluents from wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), as well as untreated wastewaters (UWWs), presents a major challenge for the maintenance of river sediment and water quality. The discharge of these effluents cannot only increase the concentration of metals, nutrients and organic compounds in fluvial ecosystems, but also alter the abundance, structure and function of river bacterial communities. Here, we present data on chemical and biological quality parameters in wastewater-impacted and non-impacted river surface sediment and water samples. Overall, the concentration of nutrients (inorganic nitrogen) and some heavy metals (Zn, Ni and Cr) was positively correlated with the nirS/16S rRNA ratio, while nirK- and nosZ-denitrifier populations were negatively affected by the presence of ammonium in sediments. Bacterial community structure was significantly correlated with the (i) combined influence of nutrient and metal concentrations, (ii) the contamination level (non-impacted vs. impacted sites), (iii) type of contamination (WWTP or UWW), and (iv) location of the sampling sites. Moreover, the higher abundance of five genera of the family Rhodocyclaceae detected in wastewater-impacted sites is also likely to be an effect of effluent discharge. The data presented here complement a broader study (Martinez-Santos et al., 2018)  and they are particularly useful for those interested in understanding the impact of wastewater effluents on the abundance, structure and function of river bacterial communities involved in nitrogen cycling.