Low temperature texture development in Nd 2 Fe 14 B/ α -Fe nanocomposite magnets via equal channel angular pressing
Saiz Garitaonandia, José Javier
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AIP Advances 8(5) : (2018) // Article ID 056219
While suitable texture has been developed in Nd2Fe14B/alpha-Fe nanocomposites via thermomechanical processing methods such as die upsetting by incorporating low melting point eutectic Nd-Cu additives, significant grain coarsening occurs during this process due to the high temperature and long timescales involved, resulting in a loss of exchange coupling. Equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) is a severe plastic deformation technique which has been successfully used to produce a suitable texture in single-phase Nd2Fe14B at temperatures on the order of 500 degrees C while preserving grain sizes on the order of 20-30nm. We investigate the development of texture in a commercial Nd2Fe14B/alpha-Fe nanocomposite alloy with added Nd90Cu10 produced via ECAP and then characterise it using texture x-ray diffraction and magnetic measurements. It is found that initial texture can be developed in this nanocomposite system at T = 520 degrees C via ECAP. The average grain size of Nd2Fe14B as measured via X-ray diffraction after ECAP remains below 50nm with a developed texture. The effect of varying the amount of Nd90Cu10 additive is also investigated. It is found that with decreasing Nd90Cu10, the degree of texture is reduced while the volume fraction of alpha-Fe increases. This work demonstrates the development of texture in nanocomposite Nd2Fe14B/alpha-Fe with Nd-Cu additives whilst maintaining a grain size of approximately 50nm. (C) 2018 Author(s).