Development, characterization and comparisons of targeted and non-targeted metabolomics methods
Ziarrusta Intzaurtza, Haizea
Benskin, Jonathan P.
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PLOS ONE 13(11) : (2018) // Article ID e0207082
The potential of a metabolomics method to detect statistically significant perturbations in the metabolome of an organism is enhanced by excellent analytical precision, unequivocal identification, and broad metabolomic coverage. While the former two metrics are usually associated with targeted metabolomics and the latter with non-targeted metabolomics, a systematic comparison of the performance of both approaches has not yet been carried out. The present work reports on the development and performance evaluation of separate targeted and non-targeted metabolomics methods. The targeted approach facilitated determination of 181 metabolites (quantitative analysis of 18 amino acids, 11 biogenic amines, 5 neurotransmitters, 5 nucleobases and semi-quantitative analysis of 50 carnitines, 83 phos-phatidylcholines, and 9 sphingomyelins) using ultra-performance liquid chromatography - tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) and flow injection-tandem mass spectrometry (Fl-MS/MS). Method accuracy and/or precision were assessed using replicate samples of NIST SRM1950 as well as fish liver and brain tissue from Gilthead Bream (Sparus aurata). The non-target approach involved UPLC-high resolution (Orbitrap) mass spectrometry (UPLC-HRMS). Testing of ionization mode and stationary phase revealed that a combination of positive electrospray ionization and HILIC chromatography produced the largest number of chromatographic features during non-target analysis. Furthermore, an evaluation of 4 different sequence drift correction algorithms, and combinations thereof, revealed that batchCorr produced the best precision in almost every test. However, even following correction of non-target data for signal drift, the precision of targeted data was better, confirming our existing assumptions about the strengths of targeted metabolomics. Finally, the accuracy of the online MS2-library mzCloud was evaluated using reference standards for 38 different metabolites. This is among the few studies that have systematically evaluated the performance of targeted and non-targeted metabolomics and provides new insight into the advantages and disadvantages of each approach.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as 2018 Ribbenstedt et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.