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dc.contributor.authorFlores, Lorea
dc.contributor.authorBailey, R. A.
dc.contributor.authorElosegi Irurtia, Arturo
dc.contributor.authorLarrañaga Arrizabalaga, Aitor
dc.contributor.authorReiss, Julia
dc.date.accessioned2019-04-17T11:45:32Z
dc.date.available2019-04-17T11:45:32Z
dc.date.issued2016-11-01
dc.identifier.citationPLOS ONE 11(11) : (2016) // Article ID e0165065es_ES
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10810/32545
dc.description.abstractHabitat complexity can influence predation rates (e.g. by providing refuge) but other ecosystem processes and species interactions might also be modulated by the properties of habitat structure. Here, we focussed on how complexity of artificial habitat (plastic plants), in microcosms, influenced short-term processes driven by three aquatic detritivores. The effects of habitat complexity on leaf decomposition, production of fine organic matter and pH levels were explored by measuring complexity in three ways: 1. as the presence vs. absence of habitat structure; 2. as the amount of structure (3 or 4.5 g of plastic plants); and 3. as the spatial configuration of structures (measured as fractal dimension). The experiment also addressed potential interactions among the consumers by running all possible species combinations. In the experimental microcosms, habitat complexity influenced how species performed, especially when comparing structure present vs. structure absent. Treatments with structure showed higher fine particulate matter production and lower pH compared to treatments without structures and this was probably due to higher digestion and respiration when structures were present. When we explored the effects of the different complexity levels, we found that the amount of structure added explained more than the fractal dimension of the structures. We give a detailed overview of the experimental design, statistical models and R codes, because our statistical analysis can be applied to other study systems (and disciplines such as restoration ecology). We further make suggestions of how to optimise statistical power when artificially assembling, and analysing, 'habitat complexity' by not confounding complexity with the amount of structure added. In summary, this study highlights the importance of habitat complexity for energy flow and the maintenance of ecosystem processes in aquatic ecosystems.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness through the project SCARCE Consolider-Ingenio CSD2009-00065 (http://www.icra.cat/projects/consolider-ingenio-2010-scarce-assesing/1) to LF. The funder had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. LF was supported in part by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness through the project SCARCE Consolider-Ingenio CSD2009-00065.es_ES
dc.language.isoenges_ES
dc.publisherPublic Library Sciencees_ES
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MINECO/Consolider-Ingenio CSD2009-00065es_ES
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccesses_ES
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/*
dc.subjectFresh-water microcosmses_ES
dc.subjectstructural complexityes_ES
dc.subjectecosystemes_ES
dc.subjectbiodiversityes_ES
dc.subjectmacroinvertebrateses_ES
dc.subjectcommunitieses_ES
dc.subjectmetabolismes_ES
dc.subjectdiversityes_ES
dc.subjectrichnesses_ES
dc.subjectidentityes_ES
dc.titleHabitat Complexity in Aquatic Microcosms Affects Processes Driven by Detritivoreses_ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_ES
dc.rights.holder© 2016 Flores et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.es_ES
dc.rights.holderAtribución 3.0 España*
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0165065es_ES
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0165065
dc.departamentoesBiología vegetal y ecologíaes_ES
dc.departamentoeuLandaren biologia eta ekologiaes_ES


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© 2016 Flores et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2016 Flores et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.