Effect of deep brain stimulation on vocal motor control mechanisms in Parkinson's disease
Kelley, Ryan M.
Kapnoula, Efthymia C.
Narayanan, Nandakumar S.
Greenleef, Jeremy D.W.
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Roozbeh Behroozmand, Karim Johari, Ryan M. Kelley, Efthymia C. Kapnoula, Nandakumar S. Narayanan, Jeremy D.W. Greenlee, Effect of deep brain stimulation on vocal motor control mechanisms in Parkinson's disease, Parkinsonism & Related Disorders, Volume 63, 2019, Pages 46-53, ISSN 1353-8020, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.parkreldis.2019.03.002.
motor symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD); however, its effect on vocal motor function has yielded conflicted and highly variable results. The present study investigated the effects of STN-DBS on the mechanisms of vocal production and motor control. Methods: A total of 10 PD subjects with bilateral STN-DBS implantation were tested with DBS ON and OFF while they performed steady vowel vocalizations and received randomized upward or downward pitch-shift stimuli (±100 cents) in their voice auditory feedback. Results: Data showed that the magnitude of vocal compensation responses to pitch-shift stimuli was significantly attenuated during DBS ON vs. OFF (p = 0.012). This effect was direction-specific and was only observed when subjects raised their voice fundamental frequency (F0) in the opposite direction to downward stimuli (p = 0.019). In addition, we found that voice F0 perturbation (i.e. jitter) was significantly reduced during DBS ON vs. OFF (p = 0.022), and this DBS-induced modulation was positively correlated with the attenuation of vocal compensation responses to downward pitch-shift stimuli (r = +0.57, p = 0.028). Conclusions: These findings provide the first data supporting the role of STN in vocal F0 motor control in response to altered auditory feedback. The DBS-induced attenuation of vocal compensation responses may result from increased inhibitory effects of the subcortical hyperdirect (fronto-subthalamic) pathways on the vocal motor cortex, which can help stabilize voice F0 and ameliorate vocal motor symptoms by impeding PD subjects’ abnormal (i.e. overshooting) vocal responses to alterations in the auditory feedback.