Spatiotemporal dynamics of postoperative functional plasticity in patients with brain tumors in language areas
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Mikel Lizarazu, Santiago Gil-Robles, Iñigo Pomposo, Sanjeev Nara, Lucía Amoruso, Ileana Quiñones, Manuel Carreiras, Spatiotemporal dynamics of postoperative functional plasticity in patients with brain tumors in language areas, Brain and Language, Volume 202, 2020, 104741, ISSN 0093-934X, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2019.104741.
Postoperative functional neuroimaging provides a unique opportunity to investigate the neural mechanisms that facilitate language network reorganization. Previous studies in patients with low grade gliomas (LGGs) in language areas suggest that postoperative recovery is likely due to functional neuroplasticity in peritumoral and contra-tumoral healthy regions, but have attributed varying degrees of importance to specific regions. In this study, we used Magnetoencephalography (MEG) to investigate functional connectivity changes in peritumoral and contra-tumoral regions after brain tumor resection. MEG recordings of cortical activity during resting-state were obtained from 12 patients with LGGs in left-hemisphere language brain areas. MEG data were recorded before (Pre session), and 3 (Post_1 session) and 6 (Post_2 session) months after awake craniotomy. For each MEG session, we measured the functional connectivity of the peritumoral and contra-tumoral regions to the rest of the brain across the 1–100 Hz frequency band. We found that functional connectivity in the Post_1 and Post_2 sessions was higher than in the Pre session only in peritumoral regions and within the alpha frequency band. Functional connectivity in peritumoral regions did not differ between the Post_1 and Post_2 sessions. Alpha connectivity enhancement in peritumoral regions was observed in all patients regardless of the LGG location. Together, these results suggest that postoperative language functional reorganization occurs in peritumoral regions regardless of the location of the tumor and mostly develops within 3 months after surgery.