Nucleic Acid Delivery by Solid Lipid Nanoparticles Containing Switchable Lipids: Plasmid DNA vs. Messenger RNA
Gómez Aguado, Itziar
Rodríguez Castejón, Julen
Vicente Pascual, Mónica
Rodríguez Gascón, Alicia
Del Pozo Rodríguez, Ana
Solinís Aspiazu, María Ángeles
MetadataShow full item record
Molecules 25(24) : (2020) // Article ID 5995
The development of safe and effective nucleic acid delivery systems remains a challenge, with solid lipid nanoparticle (SLN)-based vectors as one of the most studied systems. In this work, different SLNs were developed, by combination of cationic and ionizable lipids, for delivery of mRNA and pDNA. The influence of formulation factors on transfection efficacy, protein expression and intracellular disposition of the nucleic acid was evaluated in human retinal pigment epithelial cells (ARPE-19) and human embryonic kidney cells (HEK-293). A long-term stability study of the vectors was also performed. The mRNA formulations induced a higher percentage of transfected cells than those containing pDNA, mainly in ARPE-19 cells; however, the pDNA formulations induced a greater protein production per cell in this cell line. Protein production was conditioned by energy-dependent or independent entry mechanisms, depending on the cell line, SLN composition and kind of nucleic acid delivered. Vectors containing 1,2-dioleoyl-3-trimethylammonium-propane (DOTAP) as unique cationic lipid showed better stability after seven months, which improved with the addition of a polysaccharide to the vectors. Transfection efficacy and long-term stability of mRNA vectors were more influenced by formulation-related factors than those containing pDNA; in particular, the SLNs containing only DOTAP were the most promising formulations for nucleic acid delivery.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).