Language control in bilingual production: Insights from error rate and error type in sentence production
Martin, Clara D.
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Martin CD, Nozari N (2021). Language control in bilingual production: Insights from error rate and error type in sentence production. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 24, 374–388. https://doi.org/ 10.1017/S1366728920000590
Most research showing that cognates are named faster than non-cognates has focused on isolated word production which might not realistically reflect cognitive demands in sentence production. Here, we explored whether cognates elicit interference by examining error rates during sentence production, and how this interference is resolved by language control mechanisms. Twenty highly proficient Spanish–English bilinguals described visual scenes with sentence structures ‘NP1-verb-NP2’ (NP = noun-phrase). Half the nouns and half the verbs were cognates and two manipulations created high control demands. Both situations that demanded higher inhibitory control pushed the cognate effect from facilitation towards interference. These findings suggest that cognates, similar to phonologically similar words within a language, can induce not only facilitation but robust interference.