Acid Hydrolysis of Almond Shells in a Biphasic Reaction System: Obtaining of Purified Hemicellulosic Monosaccharides in a Single Step
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Bioresource Technology 336 : (2021) // Article ID 125311
The aim of this work is to comprehend the biphasic reaction systems through another perspective; the simultaneous purification and production of carbohydrates during the pretreatment of biomass. A dilute acid hydrolysis of almond shells in a 2-Methyltetrahydrofuran/H2O system was optimised to maximise the obtaining of hemicellulose-derived monosaccharides with the minimum formation of degradation products. The optimised conditions of the biphasic reaction system, which produced 205.3 g hemicellulose-derived monosaccharides/Kg almond shells, were replicated in a monophasic reaction system to assess the benefits of the biphasic reaction systems. The latest system allowed the removal of 85.3% of the furans generated during the dilute acid hydrolysis, creating antioxidant extract, together with the catalysis of the hydrolysis of the hemicelluloses in a 20%. Therefore, the proposed process could become a promising method to purify carbohydrates with an environmentally friendly procedure that allowed the obtaining of multiple added-value products in a single step.