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dc.contributor.authorCortázar Dueñas, María ORCID
dc.contributor.authorSantamaría Moreno, Laura ORCID
dc.contributor.authorLópez Zabalbeitia, Gartzen ORCID
dc.contributor.authorÁlvarez Gordejuela, Jon
dc.contributor.authorZhang, L.
dc.contributor.authorWang, R.
dc.contributor.authorBi, X.
dc.contributor.authorOlazar Aurrecoechea, Martin ORCID
dc.identifier.citationEnergy Conversion and Management 276 : (2023) // Article ID 116496es_ES
dc.description.abstractIn the current energy scenario, the production of heat, power and biofuels from biomass has become of major interest. Amongst diverse thermochemical routes, gasification has stood out as a key technology for the large-scale application of biomass. However, the development of biomass gasification is subjected to the efficient conversion of the biochar and the mitigation of troublesome by-products, such as tar. Syngas with high tar content can cause pipeline fouling, downstream corrosion, catalyst deactivation, as well as adverse impact on health and environment, which obstruct the commercialization of biomass gasification technologies. Since the reduction of tar formation is a key challenge in biomass gasification, a comprehensive overview is provided on the following aspects, which particularly include the definition and complementary classifications of tar, as well as possible tar formation and transformation mechanisms. Moreover, the adverse effects of tar on downstream applications, human health or environment, and tar analyzing techniques (online and off-line) are discussed. Finally, the primary tar removal strategies are summarized. In this respect, the effect of key operation parameters (temperature, ER and S/B), catalysts utilization (natural and supported metal catalysts) and the improvement of reactor design on tar formation and elimination was thoroughly analyzed.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was carried out with the financial support from Spanish Ministries of Science, Innovation and Universities (RTI2018-098283-J-I00 (MCIU/AEI/FEDER, UE)) and Science and Innovation (PID2019-107357RB-I00 (MCIU/AEI/FEDER, UE) and TED2021-132056B-I00 (MCI/AEI/FEDER, UE)) and the Basque Government (IT1645-22). Moreover, this project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Sklodowska-Curie grant agreement No 823745.es_ES
dc.subjectprimary strategieses_ES
dc.subjecttar removales_ES
dc.subjectin situ catalystses_ES
dc.subjectreactor designes_ES
dc.titleA comprehensive review of primary strategies for tar removal in biomass gasificationes_ES
dc.rights.holder© 2022 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license ( nc-nd/4.0/).es_ES
dc.rights.holderAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 España*
dc.contributor.funderEuropean Commission
dc.departamentoesIngeniería químicaes_ES
dc.departamentoesIngeniería química y del medio ambientees_ES
dc.departamentoeuIngeniaritza kimikoaes_ES
dc.departamentoeuIngeniaritza kimikoa eta ingurumenaren ingeniaritzaes_ES

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© 2022 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license ( nc-nd/4.0/).