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dc.contributor.authorRuiz González, Aritz
dc.contributor.authorGurrutxaga San Vicente, Mikel ORCID
dc.contributor.authorCushman, Samuel A.
dc.contributor.authorMadeira García, María José
dc.contributor.authorRandi, Ettore
dc.contributor.authorGómez Moliner, Benjamín Juan ORCID
dc.date.accessioned2015-10-22T13:40:47Z
dc.date.available2015-10-22T13:40:47Z
dc.date.issued2014-10-16
dc.identifier.citationPLOS ONE 9 (10) : (2014) // Article ID e110552es
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10810/15968
dc.description.abstractCoherent ecological networks (EN) composed of core areas linked by ecological corridors are being developed worldwide with the goal of promoting landscape connectivity and biodiversity conservation. However, empirical assessment of the performance of EN designs is critical to evaluate the utility of these networks to mitigate effects of habitat loss and fragmentation. Landscape genetics provides a particularly valuable framework to address the question of functional connectivity by providing a direct means to investigate the effects of landscape structure on gene flow. The goals of this study are (1) to evaluate the landscape features that drive gene flow of an EN target species (European pine marten), and (2) evaluate the optimality of a regional EN design in providing connectivity for this species within the Basque Country (North Spain). Using partial Mantel tests in a reciprocal causal modeling framework we competed 59 alternative models, including isolation by distance and the regional EN. Our analysis indicated that the regional EN was among the most supported resistance models for the pine marten, but was not the best supported model. Gene flow of pine marten in northern Spain is facilitated by natural vegetation, and is resisted by anthropogenic landcover types and roads. Our results suggest that the regional EN design being implemented in the Basque Country will effectively facilitate gene flow of forest dwelling species at regional scale.es
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study has been funded by the Basque Government through the Research group on "Systematics, Biogeography and Population Dynamics'' (Ref. IT317-10; GIC10/76; IT575/13) and by the University of the Basque Country (UPV-EHU) and the Department of Environment, Territorial Planning, Agriculture and Fisheries (Basque Government) through IKT S.A under the University-Enterprise research program (Ref. UE07/02). Ruiz-Gonzalez holds a Post doc fellowship awarded by the Dept. of Education Universities and Research of the Basque Government (Ref. DKR-2012-64). Several samples analysed in this study have been obtained in the framework of different carnivore surveys funded by regional or national administrations (Spanish Ministry of Environment, Regional Governments of Navarre and Aragon, Alava Provincial Council). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.es
dc.language.isoenges
dc.publisherPublic Library Sciencees
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccesses
dc.subjectnothern rocky-mountainses
dc.subjectroe deer populationes
dc.subjectgragmented landscapees
dc.subjectgenotyping errorses
dc.subjecthabitat selectiones
dc.subjectcomputer-programes
dc.subjectclimate-changees
dc.subjectmantel testses
dc.subjectflowes
dc.subjectconnectivityes
dc.titleLandscape Genetics for the Empirical Assessment of Resistance Surfaces: The European Pine Marten (Martes martes) as a Target-Species of a Regional Ecological Networkes
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees
dc.rights.holderThis is an open-access article, free of all copyright, and may be freely reproduced, distributed, transmitted, modified, built upon, or otherwise used by anyone for any lawful purpose. The work is made available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedicationes
dc.relation.publisherversionhttp://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0110552#abstract0es
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0110552
dc.departamentoesZoología y biología celular animales_ES
dc.departamentoesGeografía, prehistoria y arqueologíaes_ES
dc.departamentoeuZoologia eta animalia zelulen biologiaes_ES
dc.departamentoeuGeografia,historiaurrea eta arkeologiaes_ES
dc.subject.categoriaAGRICULTURAL AND BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES
dc.subject.categoriaMEDICINE
dc.subject.categoriaBIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY


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