Now showing items 129-148 of 373

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      Fast and sequence-adaptive whole-brain segmentation using parametric Bayesian modeling 

      Puonti, Oula; Iglesias, Juan Eugenio; Van Leemput, Koen (NeuroImage, 2016)
      Quantitative analysis of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of the brain requires accurate automated segmentation of anatomical structures. A desirable feature for such segmentation methods is to be robust against ...
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      Feature-Based Attention Samples Stimuli Rhythmically 

      Re, Daniele; Inbar, Maya; Richter, Craig G.; Landau, Ayelet N. (Current Biology, 2019)
      Attention supports the allocation of resources to relevant locations and objects in a scene. Under most conditions, several stimuli compete for neural representation. Attention biases neural representation toward the ...
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      Flexible and adaptive processes in speech perception 

      Guediche, Sara (The Speech Processing Lexicon, 2017)
      The perception of speech can be flexible, influenced by multiple sources of information, and plastic, tuned over time to cumulative experience. This chapter provides examples of cognitive neuroscience research, presented ...
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      Flexible predictions during listening comprehension: Speaker reliability affects anticipatory processes 

      Brothers, Trevor; Dave, Shruti; Hoversten, Liv J.; Traxler, Matthew J.; Swaab, Tamara Y. (Neuropsychologia, 2019)
      During listening comprehension, the identification of individual words can be strongly influenced by properties of the preceding context. While sentence context can facilitate both behavioral and neural responses, it is ...
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      Fluidity in the perception of auditory speech: Cross-modal recalibration of voice gender and vowel identity by a talking face 

      Burgering, Merel A; van Laarhoven, Thijs; Baart, Martijn; Vroomen, Jean (Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 2020)
      Humans quickly adapt to variations in the speech signal. Adaptation may surface as recalibration, a learning effect driven by error-minimisation between a visual face and an ambiguous auditory speech signal, or as selective ...
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      Foreign-accented speech modulates linguistic anticipatory processes 

      Romero-Rivas, Carlos; Martin, Clara D.; Costa, Albert (Neuropsychologia, 2016)
      Listeners are able to anticipate upcoming words during sentence comprehension, and, as a result, they also pre-activate semantically related words. In the present study, we aim at exploring whether these anticipatory ...
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      Frequency-Dependent Intrinsic Electrophysiological Functional Architecture of the Human Verbal Language Network 

      Coolen, Tim; Wens, Vincent; Vander Ghinst, Marc; Mary, Alison; Bourguignon, Mathieu; Naeije, Gilles; Peigneux, Philippe; Sadeghi, Niloufar; Goldman, Serge; De Tiège, Xavier (Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience, 2020)
      Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) allowed the spatial characterization of the resting-state verbal language network (vLN). While other resting-state networks (RSNs) were matched with their electrophysiological ...
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      Functional connectivity reveals dissociable ventrolateral prefrontal mechanisms for the control of multilingual word retrieval 

      Branzi, Francesca M.; Martin, Clara D.; Carreiras, Manuel; Paz-alonso, Pedro M. (Human Brain Mapping, 2020)
      This functional magnetic resonance imaging study established that different portions of the ventrolateral prefrontal cortex (vlPFC) support reactive and proactive language control processes during multilingual word retrieval. ...
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      Functional Dynamics of Dorsal and Ventral Reading Networks in Bilinguals 

      Oliver, Myriam; Carreiras, Manuel; Paz-Alonso, Pedro M. (Cerebral Cortex, 2017)
      In today’s world, bilingualism is increasingly common. However, it is still unclear how left-lateralized dorsal and ventral reading networks are tuned to reading in proficient second-language learners. Here, we investigated ...
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      Functional Inhibitory Control Dynamics in Impulse Control Disorders in Parkinson’s Disease 

      Paz-Alonso, Pedro M.; Navalpotro-Gomez, I.; Boddy, P.; Dacosta-Aguayo, R.; Delgado-Alvarado, M.; Quiroga-Varela, A.; Jimenez-Urbieta, H.; Carreiras, M.; Rodriguez-Oroz, Maria C. (Movement Disorders, 2020)
      ABSTRACT: Background: Impulse control disorders related to alterations in the mesocorticolimbic dopamine network occur in Parkinson’s disease (PD). Our objective was to investigate the functional neural substrates ...
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      Functional plasticity associated with language learning in adults 

      Gurunandan, Kshipra; Carreiras, Manuel; Paz-Alonso, Pedro M. (NeuroImage, 2019)
      Learning a new language in adulthood is increasingly common and among the most difficult tasks attempted by adults. Adult language learners thus offer an excellent window into the nature of learning-dependent plasticity. ...
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      Generalization From Newly Learned Words Reveals Structural Properties of the Human Reading System 

      Armstrong, Blair C.; Dumay, Nicolas; Kim, Woojae; Pitt, Mark A. (Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2017)
      Connectionist accounts of quasiregular domains, such as spelling–sound correspondences in English, represent exception words (e.g., pint) amid regular words (e.g., mint) via a graded “warping” mechanism. Warping allows ...
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      Genetic association study of dyslexia and ADHD candidate genes in a Spanish cohort: Implications of comorbid samples 

      Sánchez-Morán, Mirian; Hernández, Juan Andrés; Duñabeitia, Jon Andoni; Estévez, Adelina; Bárcena, Laura; González-Lahera, Aintzane; Bajo, Maria Teresa; Fuentes, Luis J.; Aransay Bañares, Ana María; Carreiras, Manuel (PLOS ONE, 2018)
      Dyslexia and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are two complex neuro-behaviorally disorders that co-occur more often than expected, so that reading disability has been linked to inattention symptoms. We ...
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      “Hazy” or “jumbled”? Putting together the pieces of the bilingual puzzle 

      García-Pentón, Lorna; Fernández García, Yuriem; Costello, Brendan; Duñabeitia, Jon Andoni; Carreiras, Manuel (Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 2016)
      Six commentaries [Bialystok, E. (2015). How hazy views become full pictures. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience. doi:10.1080/23273798.2015.1074255; de Bruin, A., & Della Sala, S. (2015) The importance of language use ...
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      Heritability and reliability of automatically segmented human hippocampal formation subregions 

      Whelan, Christopher D.; Hibar, Derrek P.; van Velzen, Laura S.; Zannas, Anthony S.; Carrillo-Roa, Tania; McMahon, Katie; Prasad, Gautam; Kelly, Sinéad; Faskowitz, Joshua; deZubiracay, Greig; Iglesias, Juan E.; van Erp, Theo G.M.; Frodl, Thomas; Martin, Nicholas G.; Wright, Margaret J.; Jahanshad, Neda; Schmaal, Lianne; Sämann, Philipp G.; Thompson, Paul M.; for the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (NeuroImage, 2016)
      The human hippocampal formation can be divided into a set of cytoarchitecturally and functionally distinct subregions, involved in different aspects of memory formation. Neuroanatomical disruptions within these subregions ...
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      Hierarchical levels of representation in language prediction: The influence of first language acquisition in highly proficient bilinguals 

      Molinaro, Nicola; Giannelli, Francesco; Caffarra, Sendy; Martin, Clara D. (Cognition, 2017)
      Language comprehension is largely supported by predictive mechanisms that account for the ease and speed with which communication unfolds. Both native and proficient non-native speakers can efficiently handle contextual ...
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      High-resolution magnetic resonance imaging reveals nuclei of the human amygdala: manual segmentation to automatic atlas 

      Saygin, Z.M.; Kliemann, D.; Iglesias, J.E.; van der Kouwe, A.J.W.; Boyd, E.; Reuter, M.; Stevens, A.; Van Leemput, K.; McKee, A.; Frosch, M.P.; Fischl, B.; Augustinack, J.C.; for the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (NeuroImage, 2017)
      The amygdala is composed of multiple nuclei with unique functions and connections in the limbic system and to the rest of the brain. However, standard in vivo neuroimaging tools to automatically delineate the amygdala into ...
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      Holiday or vacation? The processing of variation in vocabulary across dialects 

      Martin, Clara D.; Garcia, Xavier; Potter, Douglas; Melinger, Alissa; Costa, Albert (Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 2016)
      Native speakers with different linguistic backgrounds differ in their usage of language, and particularly in their vocabulary. For instance, British natives would use the word "holiday" when American natives would prefer ...
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      How ageing changes the mnemonic bias of visual behaviour 

      Wedmore, Florence; Musil, Sofía; Soto, David (Visual Cognition, 2017)
      Ageing is associated with deficits in cognitive control, including attention and working memory processes. However, how ageing influences the interactions between these cognitive systems is not well understood. The present ...
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      How and When Does the Second Language Influence the Production of Native Speech Sounds: A Literature Review 

      Kartushina, Natalia; Frauenfelder, Ulrich H.; Golestani, Narly (Language Learning, 2016)
      In bilinguals and second language learners, the native (L1) and nonnative (L2) languages coexist and interact. The L1 influences L2 production via forward transfer, as is seen with foreign accents. However, language ...