On the Use of a Low-Cost Thermal Sensor to Improve Kinect People Detection in a Mobile Robot
Susperregi Zabalo, Loreto
Sierra Araujo, Basilio
Martínez Otzeta, José María
Lazkano Ortega, Elena
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Sensors 3(11) : 14687-14713 (2013)
Detecting people is a key capability for robots that operate in populated environments. In this paper, we have adopted a hierarchical approach that combines classifiers created using supervised learning in order to identify whether a person is in the view-scope of the robot or not. Our approach makes use of vision, depth and thermal sensors mounted on top of a mobile platform. The set of sensors is set up combining the rich data source offered by a Kinect sensor, which provides vision and depth at low cost, and a thermopile array sensor. Experimental results carried out with a mobile platform in a manufacturing shop floor and in a science museum have shown that the false positive rate achieved using any single cue is drastically reduced. The performance of our algorithm improves other well-known approaches, such as C-4 and histogram of oriented gradients (HOG).