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dc.contributor.authorIbarra, Álvaro
dc.contributor.authorHita del Olmo, Idoia
dc.contributor.authorArandes, José M.
dc.contributor.authorBilbao, Javier
dc.date.accessioned2020-10-27T11:05:17Z
dc.date.available2020-10-27T11:05:17Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifierdoi: 10.3390/catal10101157
dc.identifier.citationCatalysts 10(10) : (2020) // Article ID 1157es_ES
dc.identifier.issn2073-4344
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10810/47303
dc.description.abstractThe performance of a commercial FCC catalyst (designated as CY) and a physically mixed hybrid catalyst (80 wt.% CY and 20 wt.% HZSM-5-based catalyst, designated as CH) have been compared in the catalytic cracking of a vacuum gasoil (VGO)/bio-oil blend (80/20 wt.%) in a simulated riser reactor (C/O, 6gcatgfeed−1; t, 6 s). The effect of cracking temperature has been studied on product distribution (carbon products, water, and coke) and product lumps: CO+CO2, dry gas, liquified petroleum gases (LPG), gasoline, light cycle oil (LCO), heavy cycle oil (HCO), and coke. Using the CH catalyst, the conversion of the bio-oil oxygenates is ca. 3 wt.% higher, while the conversion of the hydrocarbons in the mixture is lower, yielding more carbon products (83.2–84.7 wt.% on a wet basis) and less coke (3.7–4.8 wt.% on a wet basis) than the CY catalyst. The CH catalyst provides lower gasoline yields (30.7–32.0 wt.% on a dry basis) of a less aromatic and more olefinic nature. Due to gasoline overcracking, enhanced LPG yields were also obtained. The results are explained by the high activity of the HZSM-5 zeolite for the cracking of bio-oil oxygenates, the diffusional limitations within its pore structure of bulkier VGO compounds, and its lower activity towards hydrogen transfer reactions.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work has been conducted with the financial support from the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness of the Spanish Government (MINECO) (Project RTI2018-096981-B-I00), co-funded with FEDER funds, the Basque Government (Project IT1218-19), and the European Commission (Horizon 2020-MSCA RISE-2018, Contract No. 823745). Idoia Hita is thankful for her postdoctoral grant awarded by the Department of Education, University and Research of the Basque Government (Grant No. POS_2015_1_0035). Álvaro Ibarra is grateful for his PhD grant from the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU). Authors would also like to acknowledge Ikerlan/IK-4 for providing the raw bio-oil, as well as Petronor S.A. for providing the VGO and the equilibrated FCC catalyst for this study.es_ES
dc.language.isoenges_ES
dc.publisherMDPIes_ES
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MINECO/RTI2018-096981-B-I00es_ES
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/823745es_ES
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccesses_ES
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/es/
dc.subjectcatalytic crackinges_ES
dc.subjectFCCes_ES
dc.subjectVGOes_ES
dc.subjectbio-oiles_ES
dc.subjectgasolinees_ES
dc.subjectHZSM-5 zeolitees_ES
dc.titleA Hybrid FCC/HZSM-5 Catalyst for the Catalytic Cracking of a VGO/Bio-Oil Blend in FCC Conditionses_ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_ES
dc.date.updated2020-10-26T14:22:17Z
dc.rights.holder2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).es_ES
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://www.mdpi.com/2073-4344/10/10/1157es_ES
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/catal10101157
dc.contributor.funderEuropean Commission
dc.departamentoesIngeniería química
dc.departamentoeuIngeniaritza kimikoa


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2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).